A History of Education Before the Middle Ages

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General Books LLC, 2009 - Education - 144 pages
This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text, images, or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1909. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER XII SPARTA AND ATHENS (THE GREEKS) Of all people in ancient times, or, as some believe, in all history, the Greeks have had the greatest influence upon civilization. Certain it is that they not only gave a wonderful impetus to educational theory and practice in their own time, but ever since then the world has had constant recourse to Greek thought for inspiration and counsel. In some respects their development of individuality was superior even to that of the Jews, and in any account of educational history they are worthy of extended notice. Physical and Social Factors in the Progress of the Greeks. -- Both the natural and the spiritual environment of Greece favored the development of lofty and original ideals. The mild and even climate tended toward happiness and equanimity, and the bracing air was stimulating to thought. The coast line was broken by many gulfs and bays, and its almost unlimited harborage proved most hospitable to commerce. Happily, this was especially true of the eastern coast, so that Phoenicia and other advanced countries were enabled to bring in with the wares of the Orient its arts and civilization. Thus every physiographic and social feature combined to make old Greece broad-minded and eager to adopt from foreign countries such ideas as would improve her society and laws. Outline of Greek History. -- But let us see what is meant by 'ancient Greece.' We find that old Greece, -- or Hellas, to use her proper name, was not a single nation, but was made up of an aggregation of states on the southeast peninsula of Europe and on those adjacent islands to which the population had overflowed. The Effect of the T T 1 1 1 1 r isolation of various states of Hellas, largely as a result of topog- the Greek raphy, were never really unif...

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