A History of Fascism, 1914–1945

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Univ of Wisconsin Press, 1995 - History - 613 pages
2 Reviews
This is the first full history of fascism - as a force and as a phenomenon - in Europe and elsewhere between the world wars. This history encompasses all the major fascist movements, as well as other forms of authoritarian nationalism, and provides in-depth analyses of these movements, the interpretative problems they pose, and previous interpretations of them. Stanley G. Payne interprets fascism as a form of revolutionary ultranationalism - a program for national rebirth based on a primarily vitalist philosophy, extreme elitism, mass mobilization, the promotion of violence, and military virtues. He traces this phenomenon through the history of ideas, previous political movements, and the events of World War I. Though his focus is chiefly on Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, he also gives detailed attention to the Romanian Iron Guard, Franco's Spain, Japan, and protofascist movements around the globe. In view of widespread speculation about the return of fascism to Europe and the Afro-Asian World, this work is especially timely. However, Payne presents a powerful case for viewing fascism as a unique "epochal phenomenon". Conversely, he treats significant individual features of fascism as inherent aspects of revolutionary movements and nationalist dictatorships, with every likelihood of reappearing in new and different forms.
 

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This is an important work for understanding one of the most important political movements of the twentieth century. In an age which seems to want to make so many of the mistakes of the 1920s and 1930s ... Read full review

Contents

A Working Definition
3
HISTORY
23
German National Socialism
147
The Transformation of Italian Fascism 19291939
212
Four Major Variants of Fascism
245
The Minor Movements
290
Fascism Outside Europe?
328
Climax and Destruction of Fascism
355
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About the author (1995)

Stanley G. Payne is the Hilldale–Jaume Vicens Vives Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. His many books include The Franco Regime: 1936–1975; Fascism: Comparison and Definition; and Spain's First Democracy: The Second Republic, 1931–1936, all published by the University of Wisconsin Press.

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