A History of Intelligence and 'intellectual Disability': The Shaping of Psychology in Early Modern Europe

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Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2011 - Psychology - 381 pages
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Starting with the controversial hypothesis that not only human intelligence but also its antithesis 'intellectual disability' are nothing more than historical contingencies, Goodey's paradigm-shifting study traces the interplay between human types and the radically changing characteristics attributed to them.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
Problematical Intellects in Ancient Greece
15
Ancient Philosophy and the Worst Disability
17
Aristotle and the Slaves Intellect
27
Intelligence and Disability Socioeconomic Structures
39
The Speed of Intelligence Fast Slow and Mean
41
Quick Wit and the Ingenious Gentleman
51
Intelligence and Disability Status and Power
63
Intelligence Disability and Grace
151
From Pilgrims Progress to Developmental Psychology
153
The Science of Damnation from Reprobate to Idiot
181
Fools and Their Medical Histories
207
The Long Historical Context of Cognitive Genetics
209
The Brain of a Fool
221
A First Diagnosis? The Problem with Pioneers
237
Psychology Biology and the Ethics of Exceptionalism
253

Ingroup Outgroup the Place of Intelligence in Anthropology
65
Honour Grace and Intelligence the Historical Interplay
79
Souls Drowned in a Lump of Flesh the Excluded
95
Intelligence Disability and Honour
103
Virtue Blood Wit from Lineage to Learning
105
Dead in the Very Midst of Life the Dishonourable and the Idiotic
127
Philosophy the Devil and Special People
255
The Wrong Child Changelings and the Bereavement Analogy
263
Testing the Rule of Human Nature Classification and Abnormality
283
John Locke and His Successors
313
John Locke and His Successors the Historical Contingency of Disability
315
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About the author (2011)

C.F. Goodey has researched and published on the history of 'intellectual disability', including the ethical and social implications of the concept, for more than 20 years. His articles have appeared in a number of scholarly journals, including History of Science, Medical History, History of the Human Sciences, Political Theory and Ancient Philosophy. He formerly held teaching and research posts at Ruskin College, Oxford, the Open University and the University of London Institute of Education, and is currently an independent consultant working for national and local government services on learning disability in the UK.

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