A History of Irish Farming, 1750-1950
This book deals with changing methods of crop and livestock production during the 'Age of Improvement' in Ireland, and some of the ways in which they shaped rural society and the landscape. Irish agricultural improvers were part of an international exchange of ideas that led to the development of many new implements, crop varieties and breeds of livestock. However, at the level of small farm production, there was also a persistence of ancient techniques, some of which have been used since prehistoric times. These techniques were often condemned by contemporary observers, but modern research and fieldwork shows that they were most remarkable for their refinement and effectiveness. The book shows the rationality of Irish farmers, in developing systems and techniques that fitted their resources, or lack of them, making Ireland a major agricultural producer, and overcoming huge environmental and social obstacles to ensure the survival of millions of people.
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Rural Society and Farming Methods 5
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acres agriculturalists Agriculture and Technical animals areas Arthur Young bacon Belfast breed claimed common Connemara Connemara pony County Antrim County Cork County Donegal County Fermanagh County Galway County Kilkenny crop cultivation ridges cyclopaedia Department of Agriculture described developed Dexter cattle drains drills Dublin Society early nineteenth century eighteenth century example Farmer's Gazette flail flax furrow slice grain ground Gweedore harrows harvesting Hely Dutton houses husbandry Ibid implements improved Ireland vol Irish Draught Irish farming John Sproule Jonathan Bell Kerry and Dexter labour land landlords Large White Ulster London manure Martin Doyle Mervyn Watson Moiled Munster oats plants pony potatoes produced pulled Purdon's practical farmer reaping rollers Roscommon rundale rural Scottish scythe seed sheaves sheep sickles small farms soil sowing spade Statistical survey straw techniques tenants Thomas Baldwin threshing machine Tighe tillage Tour in Ireland tractor Transport Museum twentieth century Wexford