A History of Political Thought: 1789 to the Present

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Polity, Sep 16, 2005 - History - 184 pages
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Bruce Haddock's lucid and original textbook combines historical and theoretical analysis, setting political thought in the context of the emerging institutional, cultural and economic framework of the modern world. From the colossal impact of the French and American revolutions, through reaction and constitutional consolidation, the book traces the contrasting criteria invoked to justify particular forms of political order from 1789 to the present day. Its chapters are organized around key themes such as liberty, welfare, the nation-state and totalitarianism, focusing on the response of theorists to fundamental ideological and political controversies. Major thinkers covered include Kant, Burke, Hegel, Tocqueville, Marx, Mill, Mazzini, Lenin, Schmitt, Hayek, Oakeshott and Rawls.


The book also confronts challenging questions about the status of moral and political principles. Cultural and moral controversy is characteristic of our everyday experience. In recent decades, however, the foundations of political and ethical theory have been widely questioned. Haddock highlights the emergence of a dilemma that faces all citizens: how we make judgements of value from embedded positions in social and cultural communities.


A History of Political Thought: 1789 to the Present will be of interest to students and scholars of politics, history and philosophy.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Revolution
9
Reaction
26
The Constitutional State
42
The NationState
61
Liberty
78
Welfare
94
Totalitarianism
110
Politics Chastened
127
Politics Fragmented
144
Suggestions for Further Reading
160
Notes
168
Index
176
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About the author (2005)

Bruce Haddock is Professor of Modern European Social and Political Thought at Cardiff University.

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