A History of Psycholinguistics: The Pre-Chomskyan Era
How do we manage to speak and understand language? How do children acquire these skills and how does the brain support them?These psycholinguistic issues have been studied for more than two centuries. Though many Psycholinguists tend to consider their history as beginning with the Chomskyan "cognitive revolution" of the late 1950s/1960s, the history of empirical psycholinguistics actually goes back to the end of the 18th century. This is the first book to comprehensively treat this "pre-Chomskyan" history. It tells the fascinating history of the doctors, pedagogues, linguists and psychologists who created this discipline, looking at how they made their important discoveries about the language regions in the brain, about the high-speed accessing of words in speaking and listening, on the child's invention of syntax, on the disruption of language in aphasic patients and so much more. The book is both a history of ideas as well of the men and women whose intelligence, brilliant insights, fads, fallacies, cooperations, and rivalries created this discipline. Psycholinguistics has four historical roots, which, by the end of the 19th century, had merged. By then, the discipline, usually called the psychology of language, was established. The first root was comparative linguistics, which raised the issue of the psychological origins of language. The second root was the study of language in the brain, with Franz Gall as the pioneer and the Broca and Wernicke discoveries as major landmarks. The third root was the diary approach to child development, which emerged from Rousseau's Émile. The fourth root was the experimental laboratory approach to speech and language processing, which originated from Franciscus Donders' mental chronometry. Wilhelm Wundt unified these four approaches in his monumental Die Sprache of 1900. These four perspectives of psycholinguistics continued into the 20th century but in quite divergent frameworks. There was German consciousness and thought psychology, Swiss/French and Prague/Viennese structuralism, Russian and American behaviorism, and almost aggressive holism in aphasiology. As well as reviewing all these perspectives, the book looks at the deep disruption of the field during the Third Reich and its optimistic, multidisciplinary re-emergence during the 1950s with the mathematical theory of communication as a major impetus. A tour de force from one of the seminal figures in the field, this book will be essential reading for all linguists, psycholinguists, and psychologists with an interest in language.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
according agrammatism aphasia aphasic aphasiology approach argued articulation association became behavior behaviorist Biihler Bloomﬁeld brain Broca’s aphasia Cattell Chapter child cognitive revolution color concept conduction aphasia consciousness consonants deaf deﬁnition diagram diary discussed disorders experiment experimental expression ﬁeld ﬁnal ﬁnding ﬁrst ﬁve function German Ginneken Goldstein grammatical ibid inﬂuence instance involved issue Kainz Karl language acquisition lesions letter linguistic linguistic relativism Marie’s meaning mental Meringer Miller monograph motor notion observed oflanguage ofthe Osgood Otto Selz paper particular patient perception phonetic phonological psycholinguistics psychology of language published reading reference reﬂect reﬂex relation response Sapir scientiﬁc Selz semantic sensory sentence sign language speaker speciﬁc speech disorders speech errors speech sounds Sprache Steinthal Stern stimulus syllables syntactic tachistoscopic theory thought tion University verbal vowels Wernicke Wernicke’s Whorf Wilhelm Wundt William Stern word’s words Wundt