A History of civilization: prehistory to the present

Front Cover
Prentice Hall, 1988 - History - 972 pages
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Extensively illustrated and exceptionally appealing in its narrative style, this best-selling, classic survey of the history of Western civilization -- with emphasis on Western European societies -- offers a short, crisp, and balanced presentation of traditional and żnewż subjects, approaches, and controversies, and shows throughout how the historian goes about the craft of research, interpretation, and writing. The book is available in a variety of volume splits to accommodate different lesson lengths. It includes extracts from historical and contemporary sources and documents, discussions on żdoing history,ż and detailed timelines.

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Contents

THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS
2
Place Names in History
7
The Epic of Gilgamesh
11
Code of Hammurabi
12
The Arrogance of Conquest
17
The Cursing Litany
19
Interpreting Dreams
21
Isaiah and Monotheism
23
Blackstone on the
415
Curiosity and Change
419
Who Built the Towers of Thebes?
426
fi THE OLD REGIMES
429
The Coffeehouse
431
SaintSimon on Louis XV
440
An Age of Manners
441
Growth of Prussia 17401795
443

THE GREEKS
32
Ancient Greece
35
Thucydides Account of Pericles Oration
45
Making a Living
46
The Moral Decline of Athens
47
Alexanders Empire and the Hellenistic World
52
Food and Civilization
54
Aristophanes on Worthy Themes
57
THE ROMANS
65
Growth of Roman Provinces under the Republic 50944 b c
68
Slavery in the Roman World
70
The Problem of Translation
74
Growth of Roman Dominions under the Empire 44 b c a d 180
77
Augustus Caesars Res Gestae
78
Plinys Description of the Destruction of Pompeii
80
Menu for a Roman Banquet
83
The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius
84
The Satyricon
90
JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITY
94
Jonah
99
What Is a Gospel?
102
Ecclesiastes on Transience and History
104
Tacitus on Nero
107
Spread of Christianity to the Eleventh Century
108
The Rule of St Benedict
111
The Nicene Creed
114
THOUGHT AND LETTERS IN THE FIRST CHRISTIAN CENTURIES
115
Germanic Invasion Routes a d 371568
125
Invasions of Europe Seventh through Eleventh Centuries
133
Life in the Country
137
Slavery
139
The Venerable Bede
142
Beowulf
144
A Celtic Flowering
147
fi BYZANTIUM AND ISLAM
148
Theophilus on Justice
151
Byzantine Empire
152
Dazzling the Barbarian
154
Early Russia about 1100
162
A Blending of Literature and Religion
164
ISLAM BEFORE THE CRUSADES
166
The Koran
167
Muslim Expansion
169
The Calamities of Love
172
Ibn Khaldun Philosopher of History
173
CHURCH AND SOCIETY IN THE MEDIEVAL WEST
175
The Disappearance of the Wheel
177
Medieval Christianity
178
Women of the Gentle Class
181
The Good Wife
182
German Drang nach Osten Eastward Expansion 8001400
186
Medieval Germany and Italy at the Death of Frederick II
193
Truths Which Are Above Nature
197
fl THE BEGINNINGS OF THE SECULAR STATE
206
Medieval France and England
209
One God One Church One Source of Salvation
213
Magna Carta
220
The Confession of Golias
224
The Song of Roland
225
A Roundel By Christine de Pisan
226
g THE LATE MIDDLE AGES IN EASTERN EUROPE
228
Pope Urban at Clermont
230
Crusader States
233
The Sack of Constantinople
236
Constantinople Falls to the Turks
242
RUSSIA FROM THE THIRTEENTH TO THE
246
Medieval and Early Modern Russia 13001689
247
Q THE RISE OF THE NATION
255
The Course of the Black Death in 14th Century Europe
258
Bias in Place Names
264
Louis XI and Charles the Bold
265
Piers the Plowman
267
Christian Reconquest of Spain
272
The Golden Bull of 1356
275
Machiavelli Describes Lorenzo the Magnificent
279
Machiavelli on the Church
282
W THE RENAISSANCE
285
The Renaissance Ideal
293
Biblical Humanism
294
The Letters of Obscure
301
Benvenuto Cellini on His Work
307
Castigliones Courtier
310
Italy about 1494 277
311
2 THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION
312
Two Views of the Church
317
Calvin Refutes the Idea of Freedom of the Will
321
The Inquisition
330
Trent Profession of Faith
332
THE GREAT POWERS IN CONFLICT
337
Europe in 1555
348
Tilting at Windmills
350
The Edict of Nantes
353
Queen Elizabeth at Tilbury
357
SCIENCE AND RELIGION
365
4 EXPLORATION AND EXPANSION
372
World Civilization and Discovery
376
Confucius on the Moral
382
Columbus Reflects upon What He Has Seen
385
The Renaissance Sense of Curiosity and Adventure
386
The Hazards of Exploration
387
A Japanese Folk Tale
393
Europe in 1750 43233
394
THE IMPACT OF EXPANSION
395
The First Travel Book
397
Le Grand Monarque
402
Peter the Great
446
North America and the Caribbean 1763
454
THE ENLIGHTENMENT
456
A Theory of Education
458
Adam Smith on Free Trade and the Role of Government
461
An Enlightened Despot Describes Himself
465
GEORGE III AND AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE
473
The Stamp Act Congress Asserts the Right of Local Representation
475
Locke and the American Revolution
477
8 THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON
482
The Death of a King
496
Jacobin Nationalism
498
Napoleon Rallies His Troops
499
THE LEGACY OF THE REVOLUTION
511
9 ROMANTICISM REVOLUTION AND REACTION
513
Shelley on the Decay of Kings
515
Wordsworth Commands That Nature Be Our Teacher
516
Metternich on the Nature of Political Order
522
President Monroe Declares the New World Off Limits
526
Disorder in the Countryside
528
THE INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY
539
The Railway System in 1852
546
The Fear of Immigrants
549
On the Professions
552
a Day at the Mills
554
Jeremy Bentham Explains the Principle of Utility
557
John Stuart Mill on Liberty
558
A NEW AGE OF SCIENCE
566
The Origin of Species
568
LITERATURE AND THE ARTS IN INDUSTRIAL SOCIETIES
574
The Song of the Shirt
575
THE MODERNIZATION OF NATIONS
582
Europe in the Midnineteenth Century
586
Eating Well in the Nineteenth Century
592
Unification of Germany 18661871
599
Celebrating German Victory over France
601
The Growth of Bureaucracy
605
Opening the German Civil Service to Women
607
Nationalities in Central and Eastern Europe about 1914
614
Tolstoy Urges the Russian People not to Follow the Path of the West
624
Growth of the United States
628
Alfred Thayer Mahan Tells Americans to Look Outward
632
MODERN EMPIRES AND IMPERIALISM
637
Passage of the Great Reform Bill
640
Beatrice Webb on Why I Became a Socialist
647
Rudyard Kiplings View of Imperialism
651
Technology and Empire
653
North America and the Caribbean about 1910
656
A Stage in Independence by Evolution
657
GREAT WAR GREAT REVOLUTION
674
Asia and the Pacific about 19101926
676
The Blank Check
681
War in the Trenches
690
World War I and the Territorial Restructuring of Europe 19141926
697
The West and Russian History
702
To the Finland Station
704
BETWEEN THE WARS A TWENTYYEAR CRISIS
712
A Comparison of Fascism and Communism
714
The Vital
715
Ten Commandments for Fascists
717
Hitler Justifies the Use of Terror
729
THE SOVIET UNION
739
Stalin on Russias Need to Catch
746
Making Literature Socially Useful
747
The British Union of Fascists
754
Irelands Declaration of Independence
755
Are Women People? A Satirists Reply
761
F D R s First Inaugural Address
763
Democracy at the Village Level
770
Naming and Nationalism
771
2J THE SECOND WORLD WAR AND ITS AFTERMATH
773
Europe on the Eve of World War II August 1939
781
An End to Appeasement
782
Winston Churchills Leadership
786
The Four Freedoms
793
Japan Takes a Stand
794
The Final Solution
799
Asian and Pacific Theaters 19411945
802
The Iron Curtain
807
The Korean War 19501953
809
American and Russian Leaders Meet to Discuss the Cold
813
Mao on Repression
814
CONFLICT IN ASIA 19531970 814
816
Americas Stake in Vietnam
817
A Leader Falls Behind
823
Chaos or Community?
833
Let the Word Go Forth
835
Caribbean America 1988
841
Krushchev Smashes the Idol
842
A Warning from Solzhenitsyn
845
The Middle East
853
Nkrumah on African Unity
858
Decolonization
859
Africa since 1950
860
A New Revolutionary Philosophy
863
TWENTIETHCENTURY THOUGHT LETTERS AND ART
869
The Age of the Computer
872
Freud on Modern Civilization
875
Moral Enlightenment or Escape?
877
Faulkner on Courage
884
Why Study History?
891
SUGGESTED READINGS
893
INDEX
925
Copyright

About the author (1988)

Robin W. Winks is Professor and Chair of the Department of History at Yale University. Among his many books are "The Blacks in Canada" and "Cloak and Gown: Scholars in the Secret War", both nominated for the Pulitzer Prize.

Bibliographic information