A Journey to the Promised Land: Crusading Theology in the Historia de Profectione Danorum in Hierosolymam (c. 1200)
Towards the end of the 1190s a Norwegian canon - his name is unknown - composed a dramatic account of the Danish-Norwegian expedition which, as part of the so-called Third Crusade, had left for Jerusalem some years earlier. Since 1187 the city had been in Muslim hands, and the Danish and Norwegian travellers set out to join in the liberation of the city. They came too late to fight, however, since a peace arrangement had been agreed upon by the Christian and Muslim leaders. In spite of this the canon makes the most of the heroic nature of the enterprise, drawing upon a series of literary and theological themes used in connection with crusading in the twelfth century.
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Abraham allegory Audita tremendi autem Baldric Bernard of Clairvaux biblical Chapter Christian chronicles cols cross crucis crusade accounts crusading narratives Danish-Norwegian expedition Deus Devil divine Dominus enim Esbern's speech eternal exhortations to crusading expeditione Friderici imperatoris fall of Jerusalem flowing with milk Fulcher RHC Occ God's Gregory VIII Guibert of Nogent Henry of Albano Historia de expeditione Historia peregrinorum Holy Land Innocent Isidore Isidore's Israelites Jerusalem in 1187 Jesus journey kingdom of Jerusalem lamentation Maccabees martyrs milk and honey miraculous mortem nobis Old Testament papal bulls papal exhortations papal letter passage Peter of Blois Pope Urban present Profectio prologue Promised Land Psalm quam Quantum praedecessores quia quid quod Red Sea reference Rheims's Robert of Rheims ROUSSET Saladin sanctorum SCHWERIN sins suffered sunt Sverre Third Crusade travellers twelfth century Urban II's speech Urban's speech Virgin Mary vobis William of Tyre words