A Linguistic Investigation of Aphasic Chinese Speech

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Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 30, 1993 - Computers - 324 pages
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A Linguistic Investigation of Aphasic Chinese Speech is the first detailed linguistic analysis of a large body of aphasic Chinese natural speech data. This work describes how the major aphasia syndromes are manifest in Chinese, a language which differs significantly from languages upon which traditional aphasia theory is based. Following the Chinese data, a new explanation for the major aphasia syndromes is offered based on the cognitive science modularity hypothesis. The theory posits that Broca's aphasia is the result of computational deficits that occur within linguistic components, while Wernicke's aphasia is the result of deficits that occur in the transfer of information between components. It is demonstrated how the fluent and non-fluent characteristics of the major aphasia syndromes follow directly from the properties of cognitive modules.
Detailed linguistic descriptions of Broca's and Wernicke's aphasia in Chinese are provided, including a summary of diagnostics of aphasia type. The complete corpora of four aphasic Chinese speakers, including interlinear and free translations, are presented in an Appendix.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
11 Recasting Typologydependent Theories
2
12 Issues in Aphasia Theory
5
122 Linguistic Modularity
9
123 Validity of the Notion Syndrome in Aphasia
11
13 Language Structure Reconsidered
12
131 The Value of SystemExternal Evidence
13
14 Summary of Goals
14
333 Lexical Selection
83
334 Word Formation
89
335 Syntax
91
336 Discourse and Pragmatics
97
Zheng Youjuan
99
342 Phonology
100
343 Lexical Selection
101
344 Word Formation
104

A Brief Mandarin Grammar
15
The Mandarin Sound System
16
212 Tonal Phonemes
17
213 Syllable Structure
18
Word Formation in Mandarin
19
221 An LPM Analysis of Mandarin
21
222 LPM as an Approach to Morphological Deficit
23
23 Syntax
24
232 Complex Nominals
27
233 Verb Phrases
31
234 Direct Object Movement
32
235 Aspect Markers
33
236 Manner Adverbial Modification
34
237 Conjunctions
35
239 Negation
36
2311 Theoretical Issues
37
24 Discourse and Pragmatics
38
Speech Analysis
39
Li Xinzheng
44
312 Phonology
45
313 Lexical Selection
46
314 Word Formation
49
315 Syntax
52
316 Discourse and Pragmatics
61
Guo Jiande
64
322 Phonology
65
323 Lexical Selection
66
324 Word Formation
68
325 Syntax
71
326 Discourse and Pragmatics
79
Yang Xifeng
81
332 Phonology
82
345 Syntax
106
346 Discourse and Pragmatics
112
35 Patient Summary
114
353 Yang Xifeng
115
Discussion
117
413 The Independence of Phonological Tiers
118
415 Graded Morphological Deficit
119
416 Lack of Sentence Embedding in Nonfluent Speech
120
422 Preverbal Modifiers
122
423 Complex Words
123
43 Agrammatism in Chinese
124
44 The Nature of Agrammatism
125
441 An Independent Word Formation Deficit in Agrammatism
127
45 A Modular Explanation of Aphasia Syndromes
130
451 IntraComponent Deficit Brocas Aphasia
131
452 InterComponent Deficit Wernickes Aphasia
137
453 Jakobsons Model Reconsidered
142
454 Excursus on Causation
143
46 Aphasia Theory Reconsidered
144
462 Linguistic Modularity and Aphasia
145
464 Representation versus Processing
146
47 Summary and Conclusion
147
Bibliography
149
Subject Transcripts
161
A1 Interlinear Translation of Li Xinzheng
164
A2 Interlinear Translation of Guo Jiande
180
A3 Interlinear Translation of Yang Xifeng
204
A4 Interlinear Translation of Zheng Youjuan
251
Name Index
313
Subject Index
317
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