A Litigator's Guide to DNA: From the Laboratory to the Courtroom

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Academic Press, Aug 29, 2011 - Law - 448 pages
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A Litigator's Guide to DNA educates both criminal law students and forensic science students about all aspects of the use of DNA evidence in criminal and civil trials. It includes discussions of the molecular biological basis for the tests, essential laboratory practices, probability theory and mathematical calculations, and issues relevant to the prosecution and the defense, and to the judge and jury hearing the case.

The authors provide a full background on both the molecular biology and the mathematical theory behind forensic tests, describing the molecular biological process in simple mechanical terms that are familiar to everyone, and periodically emphasizing the practical, take-home messages the student truly needs to understand.

Pedagogical elements such as Recapping the Main Point boxes and valuable ancillary material (Instructors' Manual, PowerPoint slides) make this an ideal text for professors.

  • "Recapping the Main Point" boxes provide a simple and concise summary of the main points
  • Includes a glossary of essential terms and their definitions
  • Contains a full-color insert with illustrations that emphasize key concepts
 

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Contents

CHAPTER 1 The Structure of DNA and the Variability of the Human DNA Sequence
1
CHAPTER 2 The Molecular Biological Basis of Forensic DNA Tests
27
CHAPTER 3 Quality Control Quality Assurance and Sources of Uncertainty in the Data
55
CHAPTER 4 Population Genetics Probability Calculations and the Proper Interpretation of the Evidence
91
CHAPTER 5 Mitochondrial DNA mtDNA Analyses
171
CHAPTER 6 Y Chromosome Analyses
197
CHAPTER 7 DNA in Court
215
CHAPTER 8 Arguing for the Prosecution
255
Using the ChiSquare Test to Determine if a Population Conforms to HWE Expectations
389
How the RMP Prior Odds of Guilt and the PFP Influence the Posterior Odds of Guilt POG
393
Paternity Index PI Calculations for Different Combinations of Maternal Child and Alleged Father Genotypes
397
A Sample Consent Form to Collect an Oral Swab Which Allows the Profile Obtained to Be Entered Into a Databank for Use in Additional
399
Doing Your Own Research Useful References Websites and Strategies for Finding Current Information
401
GLOSSARY OF KEY TERMS
411
INDEX
423
Color Plates
431

CHAPTER 9 Arguing for the Defense
313
CHAPTER 10 Postconviction DNA Testing
369

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About the author (2011)

ROBERT G. FLANDERS JR. is a former Associate Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court, where he served for eight years before returning to the private practice of law in 2004. He is a partner in the Providence-based law firm of Hinckley, Allen & Snyder, LLP. He serves as an Adjunct Professor of Public Policy at Brown University, where he teaches Constitutional Law, and as an Adjunct Professor of Law at Roger Williams University, where he teaches courses on the Judicial Process. Judge Flanders is a graduate of Harvard Law School and Brown University.

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