A Metallurgical Gemara: Metals in the Jewish Sources
Institute for Archaeo-Metallurgical Studies, Institute of Archaeology, University College, 2007 - Jewish metal-work - 185 pages
A Metallurgical Gemara is the first in-depth exploration of evidence of the use of metals and related technologies within the classic Jewish literary sources. Levene's expertise in Semitic languages and Jewish studies and Rothenberg's unique understanding and knowledge of the history of metallurgy combine to produce this unique interdisciplinary research. Their work brings to light the extent to which metal work was part of the lives of the Israelites of antiquity and the Jews of the late antique and medieval worlds. But this book is more than just an analysis of technical aspects; it traces the place of the metallurgical motif in these people's lives and folklore, and explores the ancient concepts regarding the nature of matter as expressed through the prism of their religious world view.
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Aggadah Akkadian alloy ancient Arabah Aramaic artisans Babylonian Talmud baraita bdyl Biblical Hebrew bloom iron brzl bShab bYom 34b carbon carburisation cast century B.C.E. Chapter cognates comes in fire considered context contracted impurity copper copper alloy Corinthian bronze craftsmen crucible cupellation evidence Ezek forge furnace gold HALOT hapax legomenon hardening heated implied ingots iron object lead lump lustration m'yqrw Maimonides material meaning melting mentioned metal utensils metal workers metallurgical millennium B.C.E. Mishna Mishnaic Mishneh Torah mKel Nahmanides nhst occurs Pesh Peshitta produce pure purity quenching Rabbinic Rashi recycled reference relating to metals Rostocker & Bronson Rothenberg rule Section silver Simeon smelting smith solder specifically sprinkled steel suggests susceptible to impurity Syriac Tabernacle Targum technique Temple term tKel Tohorot Tosefta tractate of Kelim translation Tubal-Cain Tylecote unclean understanding variety verb verse 23 vessels water of lustration word workshop