A Metrological Study of the Early Roman Basilicas
This text presents a systematic discussion of the planning of Roman bascilicas during the late Republic and early Empire, from the second century BC to the second century AD. Basilicas were buildings of major economic, political and religious significance in Roman civic life. The clarity and coherance of their designs makes them ideal subjects for metrological analysis - scrutiny of the dimensions with which they were laid out. The core of the text, based on fieldwork in Italy and archaelogical research, is an examination of 35 bascilicas drawn from Italy and the western Roman provinces, supported by numerous plans, tables, and bibliography. The conclusion highlights the carefully formulated set of principles and proportions with which the Roman architects designed buildings of this type.
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BASILICAS IN ITALY AND SPAIN
3 BELOBOLONIA BAELOCLAUDIA BAETICA
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aedes Alba Fucens align Ardea axial length axial spacing axial width bases basilica design Belo building Caerleon Caerwent Caistor-by-Norwich central doorway centre-lines centred Column 11 combined width Conimbriga corner of basilica cross-hall curia Doclea east and west east wall Egnazia facade figures flanking Glanum hall Inchtuthil incl inner face interaxial spacings internal dimensions internal length internal width Iuvanum layout lower column shaft Lucus Feroniae metrological module multiples of 11 nave colonnade nave columns NE-SW north and south north wall north-east wall north-west northern NW-SE OL ext Ordona outer walls overall dimensions overall length overall width p.M. internal p.M. long p.M. measured p.M. planned p.M. wide Pilaster planned length planned width plinths portico principia principles of basilica probably rear range relationship rooms Roselle Ruscino Sabratha Saepinum Silchester south wall south-east south-west stylobate suggested Tarraco thickness tribunal vestibule Vetera Vip.M Vitruvius west wall Wroxeter