A Modern History of the Islamic World

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NYU Press, 2002 - History - 384 pages

The Islamic world--defined as those regions in which Islam is the dominant or single most important religion--covers territories as far apart as Morocco and Indonesia, Somalia, and Bosnia and includes an extraordinary range of societies and cultures. In A Modern History of the Islamic World, eminent scholar Reinhard Schulze charts the history of these societies in the twentieth century, revealing what they have in common as well as their equally profound differences.

Rather than stringing together individual studies of different countries, the book is structured chronologically, tracing political change in the context of culture and society. Schulze opens with a survey of the impact of colonialism and its attendant modernizing effects on the Islamic world. He then moves on to examine the rise of bourgeois nationalism in the 1920s and 1930s, the era of independence movements, the relationship between Islamic cultures and the "republican" political culture of the Third World, the reassertion of Islamic ideologies in the 1970s and 1980s and, finally, the issues surrounding the relationship between Islamic culture and civil society that dominated debate in the 1990s.

A Modern History of the Islamic World provides a clear overview of the ways in which twentieth century modernism affected the societies of the Islamic world and how modernism was developed from an Islamic perspective.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Islamic Culture and Colonial Modernism 19001920
14
The Nation State and Constitutionalism
22
The Years of War 19091919
36
The Period of Revolts 19191923
48
Bourgeois Nationalism and Political Independence 19201939
60
The World Economic Crisis and the New Islamic Movements
89
The Period of Restoration 19391958 m
111
The Decline of Third World Republicanism
183
The Ascendancy of Islamic Ideologies 19731989
194
Ethnicity and the Completion of Islamic Ideologies
207
Anni Horribiles in the Islamic World 19791989
225
Islamic Culture and Civil Society 19891993
247
The End of the Hope For Islamic Sovereignty
272
Islamic Culture and Civil Society 19891998
281
Chronology
293

An Arab or an Islamic Nation?
123
The Liberal Decade or the Revolt Against the Old System
138
Islamic Culture and ThirdWorld Republicanism 195673
148
The Culture of National Liberation
158
The Islamic Bloc and the Beginning of Saudi Hegemony
170
Notes
303
Bibliography
338
Index of Names and Places
364
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About the author (2002)

REINHARD SCHULZE is Professor of Islamic Studies at the University of Berne.

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