A Moment of Transition: Two Neuroscientific Articles
Translations of two neuroscientific articles by Freud are presented here for the first time in English. Alongside these, the editors offer convincing arguments for their importance to both psychoanalysis and neuroscience. These articles helped provide the catalyst for the modern activity in the field, and will prove fascinating to anyone interested in the origins of this bold new movement.Between 1877 and 1900, Sigmund Freud published over one hundred neuroscientific works, only seven of which have previously appeared in English translation. Aphasie and Gehirn, the two articles presented in A Moment of Transition, were originally composed in 1888 as dictionary entries for the Handwortebuch der gesamten Medizin edited by Albert Villaret. They therefore date from a pivotal period of Freud's career when a growing interest in psychology had already begun to vie with strictly neurological endeavors; a shift of emphasis reflected in the novel and independent conceptual position adopted in both papers, prefiguring Freud's later work On Aphasia and certain aspects of the Project for a Scientific Psychology. Freud's professional development during this period is revealing. In 1885-86 he had studied under Jean-Martin Charcot in Paris. On his return to Vienna in 1886 he gave papers on hypnotism and hysteria, and made translations of Charcot's most recent lectures. In the following year he adopted Joseph Breuer's 'cathartic method' for the treatment of hysterical patients, and produced two reviews of hysteria and neurasthenia. In 1888 - the year of Aphasie and Gehirn - two further papers on hysteria were published.In the substantial commentary which accompanies the translations, Mark Solms and Michael Saling firstly establish Freud's authorship of the two articles, and then embark upon a critical examination of the literature so far devoted to them. They discuss the potential importance of Aphasie and Gehirn, and present detailed arguments to demonstrate their significance both of the history of psychoanalysis and for the history of neuroscience.
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Scope and objectives of the study
Potential importance of the articles
English translation ofAphasie
English translation of Gehirn
PART THREE Exposition
Significance of Gehirnfor psychoanalysis
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activity Amacher anatomical Andersson Aphasie apparatus argued brain elements brain mantle brain stem cells central cerebellum cerebral cortex cerebral peduncles cerebrum complex concept convolution coordination corpora quadrigemina corpus callosum cortical decussation doctrine dynamic excitation fact fibre bundles fibre systems fore-brain fourth ventricle Freud wrote Freud's authorship Freud's neurological frontal ganglia ganglion Gehirn grey masses grey substances gyrus Handworterbuch hemi hemisphere ideas impulses inspiratory internal capsule Jackson later lenticular nucleus medial medulla oblongata medullary ment mental Meynert's Meynertian motor movement nerve nervous system neural neurones neurophysiological neuroscience neuroscientific nlervus of'Aphasie organ physical physiological pons posterior processes Project psychical psycho psychoanalysis psychological theories pyramids qualitative reflex region relationship scheme sensation sensory significance Silverstein specific energy speech centres speech field Spehlmann sphere spinal cord Strachey subcortical sulcus temporal lobe thalamus threshold of consciousness tion tract translation transverse vesicle Villaret volume voluntary pathway word