A Moving Target: Genetic Resources and Options for Tracking and Monitoring Their International Flows
Manuel Ruiz Muller, Isabel Lapeņa (ed.)
IUCN, 2007 - Law - 124 pages
Current discussions over the "Certificate of Origin, Source and Legal Provenance" include the legal and practical implications associated with tracking the flow of genetic resources. Knowing what is where, how it got there, and whether conditions and restrictions were complied with, is a critical aspect if an ABS regime is to be effective in its implementation. This book provides insights into options and components for the development of a national/international system for the tracking and monitoring of genetic resources to ensure compliance with the ABS provisions of the CBD. It includes discussions addressing the practical options for such a system, its costs and economic impacts, and its possible role in the ABS framework.
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The Biodiversity Cartel
ABS regime access and benefit access and benefit-sharing access to genetic analysis Article benefit sharing biodiversity cartel Biological Diversity biopiracy bioprospecting biotechnology Bonn Guidelines certificate system challenge commercial comply conservation context Convention on Biological countries of origin creating CSOLP databases disclosure of origin discussion documentation economic effective enforcement ensure estimate ex-situ conservation example exchange fingerprinting Flows of Genetic genetic material genetic resources germplasm implementation incentives institutions intellectual property rights international regime involved issue ITPGRFA IUCN laws legal provenance Like-Minded Megadiverse Countries mechanism ment MTDS Multilateral System negotiations obligations options parties patent applications PGRFA plant breeding Plant Genetic Resources principal-agent problem proposals protection regarding registry regulations relevant requirements Resources for Food royalties scenarios sector source country specific specimens standards tion tracking and monitoring traditional knowledge transaction costs user countries users of genetic utilization verify