A Muslim Theologian in the Sectarian Milieu: ʻAbd Al-Jabbār and the Critique of Christian Origins

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BRILL, 2004 - History - 297 pages
In 385 AH/AD 995 the Q 'Abd al-Jabb?r, well known for his Mu'tazil? theological writings, wrote the "Confirmation of the Proofs of Prophecy," a work that includes a creative polemic against Christianity. 'Abd al-Jabb?r reinterprets the Bible, Church history (especially the lives of Paul and Constantine) and Christian practice to argue that Christians changed the Islamic religion of Jesus. The present work begins with an examination of the controversial theory that this polemic was borrowed from an unkown Judaeo-Christian group. The author argues that 'Abd al-Jabb?r's polemic is better understood as a response to his particular milieu and the on-going inter-religious debates of the medieval Islamic world. By examining the life and thought of 'Abd al-Jabb?r, along with the Islamic, Christian and Jewish antecedants to his polemic, the author uncovers the intimate relationship between sectarian controversy and the development of an Islamic doctrine on Christianity.
 

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Contents

An Introduction to the Critique of Christian Origins and the JudaeoChristian Thesis
1
The Historical Context of Abd alJabbārs Critique
19
The Critique Reputation Content and Style
75
Muslim Sources of the Critique
139
NonMuslim Sources of the Critique
189
the Critique and the Sectarian Milieu
243

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About the author (2004)

Gabriel Said Reynolds, Ph.D. (2003) in Islamic Studies, Yale University, is Assistant Professor of Islamic Studies and Theology at Notre Dame University. He works on Islamic origins and Christianity and has published Jesus, the Q'im, and the End of the World and Saint Thomas' Islamic Challenges: Reflections on the Antiochene Questions.

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