A Nation at War

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John Robert Martin
Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2007 - Terrorism - 212 pages
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The U.S. Army War College (USAWC) Strategy Conference each year addresses a major security issue of relevance to the United States and its allies. Recognizing that the ultimate symbol of the nation's commitment is boots on the ground, the USAWC focuses the Strategy Conference on the subject's implications for ground power. The conference brings together top national security strategists, senior military leaders, media, university faculty, and the policymaking community to consider, discuss, and debate topics concerning America's national security strategy. The 2006 conference was designed to help frame vital questions that offer insights on the conference theme: A Nation at War. The phrase A Nation at War evokes images of mobilization of the nation's resources: military surely, but also the government, industry, and the population. Thus far in the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT), though, the mobilization has not been on the scale seen in past global wars. As the Nation approached the 5-year mark of the start of the GWOT, the USAWC focused the attention of its Seventeenth Annual Strategy Conference on whether or not the evidence supports the continuing assumption that the Nation is really at war. Some would insist that the answer is obviously yes. The conference studied this question in depth with panels on the homeland security aspects, the international context, the legal foundation for the war, and the associated economic and domestic policy issues. The conclusion was that the answer to the question is not as clear as first thought. Much of the evidence suggests that the Nation or at least some parts of it is not at war. The Strategic Studies Institute is pleased to provide this summary, analysis, and associated papers from the 2006 conference.

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Terrorism & Invisible Balance of Power
By Imran Farooqi
In his book, “Invisible Balance of Power, US vs Islamic Militants: Dangerous Shift in International Relations”, published in 2005, Sajjad
Shaukat has taken present ‘different war’ as an interaction of ‘state terrorism’ led by the United States and the ‘group terrorism’ by the Al Qaeda or Islamic militants. It is notable that a number of authors have written books about the 9/11 tragedy, but ground realities developed in accordance with the book. After seeing the main title, some people think that the book is against the US or its western allies, but without any prejudice, he has discussed both the sovereign and non-sovereign entities on parallel lines in this research-based book. On the one hand, he has pointed out Al Qaeda’s ambush attacks, targeted killings, beheadings etc., while on the other, he has mentioned special operations by the US forces in Afghanistan and Iraq, and CIA-tortures cells in various Islamic countries. In this regard, missile strikes by the drones on Pakistan’s tribal areas and elsewhere amounts to state terrorism, which are being responded by the internal backlash…suicide attacks and hostage-takings by the Muslim radicals. Shaukat has proved that both the warring parties kill innocent civilians through ruthless terror.
Giving a number of references of the power-theorists like Machiavelli, Hobbes, Morgentahu etc. Shaukat has written that power factor or use of force has failed in this different war which took origin from the privileged and unprivileged status quo led by the most developed states and the less developed countries respectively.
Besides, Shaukat has introduced new ideas about the issues relating to the Islamic ideology, Jehad, liberalism, Western world, terrorism, causes of suicide attacks etc.
Particularly, future observations of the author like a prolonged war, failure of military paradigm by the state actors in coping with the non-state actors, increase in US cost of war, rise of more terrorism, unsuccessful mission of NATO in Afghanistan, plane plot in UK, international financial crisis, warlike situation between America and Iran, Syria and Israel including other developments have proved correct.
Shaukat also gave positive suggestions to the US, but President Obama did not act upon them. Therefore war on terror has resulted into more implications as already predicted by the author. For example, he elaborated that Al Qaeda fighters have been creating economic instability in the world through their subversive acts, giving a blow to the larger economies of the US and the developed nations.
The book indicates that realism (power factor) must be reconciled with idealism, which is essential for world peace and geo-political interests of the US-led developed countries and those of the small countries by reforming the system of the UN.
It is due to the present scenario of war against terrorism—which already pointed out by the author that the publisher reprinted the book after seven years.
Main Title: Invisible Balance of Power
Author: Sajjad Shaukat -ISBN, 9690019589
Published by: Ferozsons, 60 Shahrah-i-Quaid-i-Azam, Lahore, Pakistan
Date of Publication: 2005
Pages: 245
Price: Rs. 495
Reprinted in 2013, Price: Rs. 595
Publisher’s Email: support@ferozsons.com.pk
Telephone: 0092 42 35712024
0092 42 35712276
Author’s Email: sajjad_logic@yahoo.com

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