A National Crime: The Canadian Government and the Residential School System, 1879 to 1986
“I am going to tell you how we are treated. I am always hungry.” — Edward B., a student at Onion Lake School (1923)"[I]f I were appointed by the Dominion Government for the express purpose of spreading tuberculosis, there is nothing finer in existance that the average Indian residential school.” — N. Walker, Indian Affairs Superintendent (1948)For over 100 years, thousands of Aboriginal children passed through the Canadian residential school system. Begun in the 1870s, it was intended, in the words of government officials, to bring these children into the “circle of civilization,” the results, however, were far different. More often, the schools provided an inferior education in an atmosphere of neglect, disease, and often abuse. Using previously unreleased government documents, historian John S. Milloy provides a full picture of the history and reality of the residential school system. He begins by tracing the ideological roots of the system, and follows the paper trail of internal memoranda, reports from field inspectors, and letters of complaint. In the early decades, the system grew without planning or restraint. Despite numerous critical commissions and reports, it persisted into the 1970s, when it transformed itself into a social welfare system without improving conditions for its thousands of wards. A National Crime shows that the residential system was chronically underfunded and often mismanaged, and documents in detail and how this affected the health, education, and well-being of entire generations of Aboriginal children.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
25 November Aboriginal abuse agent Anglican Annual Report April assimilation Benson to Deputy Bishop boarding schools boys British Columbia Bryce building Canada Canadian Catholic chil child civilization clothing communities culture curriculum D.C. Scott Davin day schools December Department of Indian Departmental Deputy Minister Deputy Superintendent Dewdney dren Duncan Campbell Scott example February federal Ferrier ﬁles ﬁnal ﬁnancial ﬁnd ﬁrst funding girls Graham High River high school Hoey hostels INAC File Indian Act Indian Affairs Branch Indian children Indian Education Indian Residential School Indian schools industrial schools inﬂuence Inspection Report Inspector institutions integration Inuit January June Kuper Island L.Vankoughnet Macdonald Manitoba March McLean Memorandum ment Métis Missionary National non-Aboriginal Northwest Territories Norway House November October officials operation Ottawa parents per-capita principal problem punishment pupils Qu’Appelle R.F. Davey Reed Regina reserve residential school system Saskatchewan Secretary September signiﬁcant staff teachers tion tuberculosis