A Natural History of Infixation
This book presents the first cross-linguistic study of the phenomenon of infixation, typically associated in English with words like "im-bloody-possible", and found in all the world's major linguistic families. Infixation is a central puzzle in prosodic morphology: Professor Yu explores its prosodic, phonological, and morphological characteristics, considers its diverse functions, and formulates a general theory to explain the rules and constraints by which it is governed. He examines 154 infixation patterns from over a hundred languages, including examples from Asia, Europe, Africa, New Guinea, and South America. He compares the formal properties of different kinds of infix, explores the range of diachronic pathways that lead to them, and considers the processes by which they are acquired in first language learning. A central argument of the book concerns the idea that the typological tendencies of language may be traced back to its origins and to the mechanisms of language transmission. The book thus combines the history of infixation with an exploration of the role diachronic and functional factors play in synchronic argumentation: it is an exemplary instance of the holistic approach to linguistic explanation. Alan Yu's pioneering study will interest phonologists and morphologists of all theoretical persuasions, as well as typologists and historical linguists.
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What is infixation?
Subcategorization in context
Pivot Theory and the typology
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a/-initial adpositional adpositional affixes affix allomorph analysis analyzed approach to infixation argues Atayal Austronesian Austronesian language base candidate Chapter clitics coda constituent construct-state construction Crucially derived diachronic diminutive disyllabic domain Edge-Bias Effect endoclisis entrapment example expletive expletive infixation final consonant final syllable final vowel formal Garrett Gloss grammar Hausa historical Hunzib illustrated infixation patterns initial syllable Inkelas input inserted Interior Salish iterative infixing ludling Koasati language spoken left edge lexical linguistic Lushootseed markedness Max-BR McCarthy and Prince metathesis moraic morpheme morphological Muskogean Muskogean languages NoCoda non-peripherality noun Onset OT-PR output paradigm Pashto person markers phonetic phonological pivots Phonological Readjustment Phonological Subcategorization Pingding pluractional predicted prefixing prosodic PrWd reduplicant reduplicant appears reduplication reduplication pattern result rhotic right edge sequence source word stressed foot stressed syllable SUBCAT subcategorization frames subcategorization requirement subcategorization restrictions suffix surface syllable synchronic SYNSEM PHON Tagalog templatic theory of infix Ulwa verb stem vowel-initial