A Neural Network Model of Lexical Organisation
This is an engaging study of the mental lexicon: the way in which the form and meaning of words is stored by speakers of specific languages. Fortescue attempts to narrow the gap between the results of experimental neurology and the concerns of theoretical linguistics in the area of lexical semantics. The prime goal as regards linguistic theory is to show how matters of lexical organization can be analysed and discussed within a neurologically informed framework that is both adaptable and constrained. It combines the perspectives of distributed network modelling and linguistic semantics, and draws upon the accruing evidence from neuroimaging studies as regards the cortical regions involved. It engages with a number of controversial current issues in both disciplines. This text is intended as a tool for linguists interested in psychological adequacy and the latest advances in Cognitive Science. It provides a principled means of distinguishing those semantic features required by a mental lexicon that have a direct bearing on grammar from those that do not. A Neural Network Model of Lexical Organisation is essential reading for researchers in neurolinguistics and lexical semantics.
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abstract action activity adjectives adverbs allomorph anchored argument arrow associated basic Broca’s area broken line Burnod call trees causal Chapter circuit cognitive cognitive linguistics combination construction context corresponding cortical columns deﬁned deﬁnition derivation dimension English event ﬁrst ﬂy frontal cortex functional affordances goal grammar templates hypernym hyponyms indicated input involved language lexicon limbic linguistic lobe macro-functional scenario matter meaning mediatory columns mediatory word column metaphorical metonymic micro-functional affordances modiﬁers neuroimaging nominal nouns Nuuchahnulth object synthesis orthogonal overlap paradigmatic axis paradigmatic features parietal parietal lobe parrot perceptual phonological phrase polysemy posterior predicate frame present model processes prototypical pyramidal cells qualia reﬂects relationship relevant right hemisphere route schemas semantic semantic ﬁelds sense sensorimotor sensory affordances sentence spat spatial speciﬁc speech acts sufﬁxes syntactic syntagmatic axis telic temporal temporal lobe tion top-down verbs visual Wernicke’s area where/how word’s