A Northern Cheyenne Album

Front Cover
Margot Liberty
University of Oklahoma Press, 2007 - Photography - 286 pages
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Rare photographs document the lives of Cheyenne people during the early reservation years

In 1878 the Northern Cheyennes left what is now Oklahoma, where they had been incarcerated, and began an epic journey back to their homeland. They suffered great losses, but a small group of survivors reached its destination in southeastern Montana in 1879 and eventually won the right to a reservation there. A Northern Cheyenne Album presents a rare series of never-before-published photographs that document the lives of tribal people on the reservation during the early twentieth century—a period of rapid change.

Reservation physician and expert photographer Thomas B. Marquis captured Northern Cheyenne life in numerous images taken from 1926 to 1935. After 1960, former tribal president John Woodenlegs and others interviewed tribal elders and, drawing on tape recordings, composed the photos’ lively captions. Margot Liberty, editor of this volume, has added her own descriptions, filling in details of Northern Cheyenne culture and history from a scholar’s viewpoint.

A valuable record of an all-but-forgotten generation, this volume is also an inspiring tribute to the Northern Cheyenne elders whose resilience and adaptability helped ensure the future of their people.

 

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well to start im soo very happy to see my family in here as my family are the last of the pure bloods on the reservation here in lame deer the stands in timbers are the one of the oldest and most known family

Contents

Introduction
3
Photographs
9
John Woodenlegs circa 1960 frontispiece 1 Ladies Looking at Pictures
11
Watching the Rodeo
13
Grandstand at Busby 1415
14
Faces at the Rodeo
17
Lining up for the Race
18
Busby Dance Hall Tent
21
Busby Village
147
Boarding School at Busby 14849
149
Busby School Girls
150
Playing Basketball
151
Two Busby Students
153
Turkey Legs
156
Fixing a Cowhide
159
Visitors from Oklahoma
160

Busby Mennonite Church
23
Lame Deer around 1927 2425
25
Physicians Residence Lame Deer
27
Lame Deer Store
28
First Northern Cheyenne Agency
31
Lame Deer Flour Mill
32
Log Houses in Lame Deer 3435
34
Waiting for the Races
37
Playing a Stick Game
39
At the Fair
40
Marquis Photo Exhibit
42
ArrowThrowing Contest
43
Lame Deer Schoolchildren about 1926
45
Boy Fisherman
46
Discussing the Battle
48
Limpy and Wife
51
Kate Big Head in 1926
52
Sun Bear
55
Praying at Custer Battlefield
56
Woodenlegs and Wife
58
Richard Woodenlegs with Rifle
61
Woodenlegs Sketching
63
Woodenlegs with Wife and Daughter
64
Cheyenne Delegation
66
Tom Woodenlegs and Son
67
Ethel Shoulderblade and Children
71
John Woodenlegs and Frank Little Head
72
Charles Spotted Elk
74
Sun Dance Encampment
76
Raising the Center Pole
77
Painting Sun Dancers
79
Food Offerings in the Medicine Lodge
82
Sun Dance Medicine Lodge
83
Susan Iron Teeth
86
Chopping Wood at 92
87
Sewing Buckskin
89
Four Good Cheyennes
90
Bessie Twin and Child
92
Mrs Wooden Thigh Big Beaver and Bessie Twin
93
Hairy Hand
95
Laban Little Wolf
96
Wesley Whiteman and James Flying Bird
97
Thrashing Time
105
Jenny Little Whiteman
107
The Foote Family
109
Three on a Horse
110
Stanley Little Whiteman and Daughter
111
Mary Little Whiteman
112
Making Sign Language
113
Getting Ready to Cook
114
Frank Little Wolf and Daughters
117
Mrs Frank Little Wolf and Annie
118
Charles Teeth
121
Floyd and Belle High Walking
122
John and Josie Stands in Timber and Son
124
Josie Stands in Timber with Her Daughter Elva
126
Josephine Stands in Timber Glenmore
127
John Stands in Timber Jr
128
Arthur and Ellen Brady
130
Josie Whistling Elk
131
Sun Road
136
Buffalo Calf Woman
141
Charles Sitting Man Sr
142
Parade at Miles City
146
An Unwilling Rider
162
Camping at Crow Fair
163
Black Whetstone and Medicine Woman with Child
165
Bob Tail Horse
166
Hollow Wood and Wife
170
Pounding Chokecherry Patties
171
Talking It Over
173
Visiting Together
174
White Wolf and Wife
177
Black Ree and Wife
178
Contrary Dance
180
Preparing a Fire to Heat Stones
183
Black Eagle
184
Iron Hand and Family
187
Cecelia Atwood and Baby
188
Peter and Rose Little Bird and Family
191
Traveling by Sled
192
Oliver Sponge and Baby
194
Setting up a Tepee
195
Jessie Roman Nose and Baby
196
James Clubfoot
197
St Labre Mission School
198
Red Bird Family
200
Ashland Races and Rodeo 202203
203
Refreshment Arbor 204205
204
Bronc Riding 206207
206
Coming down the Home Stretch
208
Playing Got None 211
210
Camping at Crow Fair 212
212
Carrying Water 213
213
Mitchell Wagon 21415
214
Unloading Hay for Winter
217
George Long Roach
218
Time for Lunch
221
Buffalo Hump
222
Mrs Richard Wolf Chief and Children
225
Maud Arapaho Chief and Lenora Arapaho
226
Chief Two Birds
227
Frances Two Birds Knows His Gun
229
Iron Shirt at the Fair
230
Iron Shirt and Family
233
Albert Duster and Family
234
Getting a Ride
235
William Yellow Fox and Mary Yellow Fox
237
George American Horse
238
Howling Woman
241
Cheyenne Lady
242
Baby Sitter
245
Spotted Black Bird and Family
246
Sally Crazy Mule
248
Lost Leg
251
Winter Camp at Ashland 25253
252
Willis Rowland and Family
255
Willis Rowland and Stump Horn
256
James Rock Roads
260
Nora Rock Roads and Boys
263
Fred Last Bull
264
Fred and Mae Last Bull
267
William Harris and Family
269
Sally Harris and Child
271
Charles Beaver Hart and Family
272
References
277
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About the author (2007)

In 1922, expert photographer Thomas B. Marquis went to the Northern Cheyenne reservation in Lame Deer to work as a reservation doctor, ultimately taking up permanent residence there.

Margot Liberty, widely known as an anthropologist specializing in Northern Plains Indians and ranching culture, is the author, coauthor, or editor of Cheyenne Memories, with John Stands In Timber; A Northern Cheyenne Album, with photographs by Thomas B. Marquis; Working Cowboy: Recollections of Ray Holmes; A Cheyenne Voice: The Complete John Stands In Timber Interviews; and Songs and Snippets: Poems of Margot Liberty.

John Woodenlegs was President of the Northern Cheyenne Tribe from 1955 to 1968 and the founder of Chief Dull Knife Memorial College, Lame Deer, Montana.

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