A Notional Theory of Syntactic Categories
This book presents an innovative theory of syntactic categories and the lexical classes they define. It revives the traditional idea that these are to be distinguished notionally (semantically). The author proposes a notation based on semantic features which accounts for the syntactic behaviour of classes. The book also presents a case for considering this classification SH again in rather traditional vein SH to be basic to determining the syntactic structure of sentences.
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abs argument adjectival adjectives adpositions adverbs altemative appropriate argues assignment associated attributive auxiliaries basic characterisation circumstantial classiﬁers clause complement complex concemed concord conﬁguration construction copula correlates Dative Dative Shifting deﬁned deﬁnite dependency derived discussion distinction distribution Dyirbal e.g. Anderson erg,loc expression factive ﬁnd ﬁnite ﬁrst formulation functor functor category further generalisations gerunds goveming grammatical relations grammaticalisation hierarchy Huichol identiﬁed illustrated incorporation inﬁnitive inﬂexional instance intemal interpreted intransitive involving languages lexical linguistic marked markedness modiﬁer morphological morphosyntactic subject node nominal nominalisation non-auxiliary non-ﬁnite notional features object rule Old English overt participle passive pattem periphrasis phrase position predicator preposition pronouns properties realised rection redundancy reﬂected representation requirement respect retum role satisﬁed secondary categories semantic relations sentences serialisation simply speciﬁcation status subcategorisation subject-formation subjecthood subordinate suggest syntactic categories syntactic structure syntactic subject syntax tion transitive Tuapa typically unaccusative valency verbal noun verbs word classes