A Pali Grammar for Students
This book is intended for modern students, inside or outside the classroom, as a work of reference rather than a "teach yourself" textbook. It presents an introductory sketch of Pali using both European and South Asian grammatical categories. In English-language works, Pali is usually presented in the traditional terms of English grammar, derived from the classical tradition, with which many modern students are unfamiliar. This work discusses and reflects upon those categories, and has an appendix devoted to them. It also introduces the main categories of traditional Sanskrit and Pali grammar, drawing on, in particular, the medieval Pali text Saddaniti, by Aggavamsa. Each grammatical form is illustrated by examples taken from Pali texts, mostly canonical. Although some previous knowledge of Sanskrit would be helpful, the book can also be used by those without previous linguistic training. A bibliographical appendix refers to other, complementary resources. Steven Collins is professor of South Asian languages and civilizations at the University of Chicago, and was formerly a council member of the Pali Text Society (London). He is the author of Selfless Persons: Imagery and Thought in Theravada Buddhism and Nirvana and Other Buddhist Felicities: Utopias of the Pali Imaginaire.
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ndma Nouns Adjectives Pronouns and Pronominal Adjectives Numerals
nipdta Particles Adverbs
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ablative absolutive accusative action noun adverb agent Aggavamsa alternatives FEMININE alternatives alternatives NEUTER alternatives Ananda aorist assa atha kho atthi ayam bahuvrihi balini Bhagavantam Bhagavato bhante bhavam bhavati bhikkhave bhikkhu Blessed Buddha called causative compounds conjugation consonant DATIVE ddisu declension declined Dependent Determinative Descriptive Determinative Devadatta Dhamma direct object ending English ettha evam examples expresses factor of action FEMININE alternatives NEUTER future passive participle gacchati gender genitive grammar grammarians hoti idam infinitive inflection instrumental intransitive verbs kammam KARMADHARAYA karoti kdya Kusavati locative main clause MASCULINE alternatives FEMININE meaning meter monks nasal ndma NEUTER alternatives NOMINATIVE nipdta optative pana past passive participle person phrase PLURAL MASCULINE alternatives prefix prepositions present stem pronominal adjectives pronouns puriso root Sadd Sanskrit semivowel sentence SINGULAR MASCULINE alternatives someone suffix syllable tassa tathd tattha tena tense upasagga verbal Vgam VOCATIVE vowel vrddhi words yassa