A Performance Theory of Order and Constituency

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Cambridge University Press, 1994 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 496 pages
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In this major new book, John A. Hawkins presents a new theory of linear ordering in syntax. He argues that processing can provide a simple, functional explanation for syntactic rules of ordering, as well as for the selection among ordering variants in languages and structures in which variation is possible. Insights from generative syntax, typological studies of language universals, and psycholinguistic studies of language processing are combined to show that there is a profound correspondence between performance and grammar.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
12 Some proposed processing explanations for grammar
3
13 Some problems for processing explanations
7
14 The approach of the present book
10
15 Towards a theory of language universal
16
The grammaticalization of processing principles
19
22 A theory of structural complexity
24
23 Complexity predictions for grammatical variation across languages
37
45 Temporary ambiguity preferences
242
Testing EICs grammatical predictions
250
51 Binary branching structures
251
52 Multiple branching structures
269
53 A look at English
282
54 Grammatical rearrangements
296
55 Wordorder hierarchies
315
56 Leftright asymmetries
321

24 Structural Domains and their semantic correlates
50
Early immediate constituents
57
32 Some principles of parsing
58
33 Some preliminary evidence for EIC
64
34 Defining and measuring EIC
69
35 EIC predictions for performance
83
36 EIC predictions for the grammar
95
37 EICs predictions for typologically different structures
102
38 The relationship of EIC to other principles
106
Testing EICs performance predictions
121
41 Arrangements of free word orders in multiple branching structures
122
42 Binary branching structures
171
43 Rearrangements of basic word orders in performance
180
44 Comparing EIC with pragmatic predictions
214
Grammaticalized node construction
342
61 The head of phrase generalization
343
62 Some additional construction principles
359
63 Some predicted category and ordering alternations
380
Conclusions
409
71 Summary of the book
411
72 Major findings and further issues
423
Envoi
440
Notes
442
References
470
Index of names
483
Index of languages
486
Subject index
488
Copyright

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Postverbal Behavior
Thomas Wasow
No preview available - 2002
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