A. Philip Randolph and the Struggle for Civil Rights

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University of Illinois Press, Oct 1, 2010 - Biography & Autobiography - 280 pages
A. Philip Randolph's career as a trade unionist and civil rights activist fundamentally shaped the course of black protest in the mid-twentieth century. Standing alongside individuals such as W. E. B. Du Bois and Marcus Garvey at the center of the cultural renaissance and political radicalism that shaped communities such as Harlem in the 1920s and into the 1930s, Randolph fashioned an understanding of social justice that reflected a deep awareness of how race complicated class concerns, especially among black laborers. Examining Randolph's work in lobbying for the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, threatening to lead a march on Washington in 1941, and establishing the Fair Employment Practice Committee, Cornelius L. Bynum shows that Randolph's push for African American equality took place within a broader progressive program of industrial reform. Some of Randolph's pioneering plans for engineering change--which served as foundational strategies in the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s--included direct mass action, nonviolent civil disobedience, and purposeful coalitions between black and white workers. Bynum interweaves biographical information on Randolph with details on how he gradually shifted his thinking about race and class, full citizenship rights, industrial organization, trade unionism, and civil rights protest throughout his activist career.
 

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Contents

Part 2 Contructing Class Consciousness in the Jazz Age
45
Illustrations
83
Part 3 The Rise of the New Crowd Negroes
84
Part 4 Blending Race and Class
117
A Philip Randolphs Reconciliation of Race and Class in African American Protest Politics
185
Notes
201
Bibliography
227
Index
237
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About the author (2010)

Cornelius L. Bynum is an assistant professor of history at Purdue University.

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