A Place of Exile: The European Settlement of New South Wales
In recent years, historians have argued that commercial or strategic reasons lay behind the European settlement of New South Wales. This revisionist work reexamines the founding of Botany Bay and reaches quite a different conclusion: that severe penal pressures in Britain were the real impetus for the decision. Drawing on the latest research on crime and punishment in Britain, Mackay uncovers the financial, political, and logistical problems plaguing the British penal system from 1776 to 1786, which finally forced the Pitt ministry to look to New South Wales for a quick and desperate solution.
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The convict crisis 177590
Private enterprise and the southern oceans
Government plans for the disposal of convicts
7 other sections not shown
Admiralty Africa Alexander Dalrymple alternative American April August Australia bases Beauchamp Committee Blankett Botany Bay Britain British Cape Captain China coast commercial convict colony convict problem cost crisis Dalrymple December decision disposal of convicts East India Company eastern seas Empire England Evan Nepean evidence expedition February felons fleet force Frost Gambia Governor Phillip Grenville hemp Home Office hulks ibid imperial increase jails January labour land Lemain lle de France Lords of Adm Matra ment naval stores Nepean Nootka Sound Norfolk Island November October Pacific penal colony Phillip to Sydney Phillip's Instructions Pitt ministry Port Jackson possible prisoners produce proposal route to India sailing scheme sea routes sentence settlement ships Sir Joseph Banks sought south Atlantic South Wales southern oceans strategic suggested supply survey Sydney to Lords threat transportation Treasury Tristan da Cunha vessels Voltas Bay voyage whalers Young and Call Zealand Zealand flax