A Police guide to surveying citizens and their environment, Volume 104, Issue 5
The Bureau, 1993 - Business & Economics - 99 pages
This monograph offers an introduction and practical guidelines regarding the development and implementation of two types of surveys that police find increasingly useful: (1) surveys of citizens and (2) surveys of the physical environment. Those conducting a survey must first determine the sample from which they want to obtain data. Random selection is the most popular manner of selecting a representative sample. Surveys can usually be conducted in one of three ways: (1) mailing a questionnaire, (2) questioning by telephone, and (3) personal interviews. Designing the questions requires precision in wording, clarity of thought, and care not to take too much time. Simple data analysis can determine the central tendency, the range of answers, and how representative the sample was. Opinion surveys may themselves help deter crime and reduce fear of crime, while environmental surveys help police quantify the physical characteristics of neighborhoods and link them with specific neighborhood problems. These surveys help identify problems, determine what changes will help solve them, and measure the effectiveness of the efforts.
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OF WHAT VALUE ARE SURVEYS?
HOW MANY WILL BE SAMPLED?
WHAT QUESTIONS WILL BE ASKED?
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adults analysis analyze answers APPENDIX asked attitudes behavior block buildings buildings/units Bureau of Justice census central tendency chance characteristics citizens codes conduct control variable convenience store count crime prevention crime target criminals designed determine drug dealing drug location drug problems environmental surveys estimate example experiences fear of crime graffiti Hawthorne effect Hispanics housing complex independent variable interview investigator level of confidence lf yes light meter lighting litter mail survey measure methods needed Newbury Park observations offenders open-ended questions overall parking lot percent person physical environment Police Department Police Executive Research police officers population parameter pretest Problem-Oriented problem-oriented policing problem-solving public housing questionnaire random sample relationship representative residents respondents response rate sample statistic sampling frame sampling strategies selected simple random sample social specific sponses statistical Strongly agree survey instrument survey research telephone tion traffic vacant victims zone