A Practical Guide to Clinical Ethics Consulting: Expertise, Ethos, and Power
A Practical Guide to Clinical Ethics Consulting reasserts the philosophical method as foundational to ethics consulting. It does so in response to extensive attacks from social scientists, lawyers, theologians, and especially practitioners, all of whom disparage philosophy's reliance on abstract theory and conceptual analysis. Using clinical ethics consulting as an exemplar, Christopher Meyers argues that while many of the attacks are well founded, they are only partly so and not in the most important respects. Ethics consulting that relies too heavily on abstract analysis is of little use to practitioners; consultants must have adequate grounding in, and appreciation of, the concrete reality of working professionals. They must also be experienced enough to have the practical wisdom necessary to assist with real-world problems. Skills of philosophical analysis, when combined with instruction in empirical investigation, political awareness and appropriate character traits, are vital to ethics consulting. Ethicists need the theoretical and conceptual analysis skills that are a standard part of a philosophical education and mindset. The book provides both a defense of this central thesis and a detailed description of the empirical tools and of the critical independence necessary to effective consulting."
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abstract activist agents applied ethics argue argument Arthur Caplan Aulisio autonomy Barry Hoffmaster Beauchamp and Childress behavior beliefs beneficence Bernard Gert Bioethics Caplan chapter choices Christopher Meyers clinical ethicists Clinical Ethics Consulting clinicians coherentism conceptual analysis conflict consensus consulting ethicists Core Competencies critical decision decision-making determine emerge empirical Epistemology especially ethical problems ethical reasoning Ethnography ethos evaluation example experience facie duties facts futile genuine Gert goal Hastings Center Report hospital ical impact informed informed consent James Childress Journal judgments macrolevel Medical Ethics Medicine method moral dilemmas Moral Experts Moral Imagination moral theory moral truth motivate nonmaleficence norms obligation one's organizational culture patient persons philosopher-ethicist philosophers physician political practical ethics present principles professional recommendations Reflective Equilibrium relevant residents Robert Arnold role Ross skills social context specific stake tion treatment understanding University Press values virtue theory W. D. Ross Werhane Wide Reflective Equilibrium York
Page 9 - Persons with Moral Expertise and Moral Experts: Wherein Lies the Difference?" in Clinical Ethics: Theory and Practice, ed. Barry Hoffmaster, Benjamin Freedman, and Gwen Fraser (Clifton. NJ: Humana Press, 1989). pp. 89-99. 3. See Daniel Dennett, "The Moral First Aid Manual." in The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, vol. 8. ed. Sterling M. McMurrin (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1988). 4. See Arthur L. Caplan. "Mechanics on Duty: The Limitations of a Technical Definition of Moral Expertise...