A Psychological Approach to Ethical Reality
The pre-eminent 19th century British ethicist, Henry Sidgwick once said:
"All important ethical notions are also psychological, except perhaps the fundamental antitheses of 'good' and 'bad' and 'wrong', with which psychology, as it treats of what is and not of what ought to be, is not directly concerned" (quoted in T.N. Tice and T.P. Slavens, 1983).
Sidgwick's statement can be interpreted to mean that psychology is relevant for ethics or that psychological knowledge contributes to the construction of an ethical reality. This interpretation serves as the basic impetus to this book, but Sidgwick's statement is also analyzed in detail to demonstrate why a current exposition on the relevance of psychology for ethical reality is necessary and germane.
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Chapter 3 Why Psychology is Interested in Ethics
Chapter 4 Why A Psychological Analysis Of Ethics is Necessary
Types Of Moral Judgments
Domain of Ethical Phenomena
Existential Status of Moral JudgmentsValue Qualities
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abnormality action approach aspects basic behaviorist carmot causal Chapter characteristic classic cognitive cognitive psychology cognitivism component conceptual conﬂict conscious experience consequences constitute construction contemporary content of observation context contingencies deﬁned deﬁnition deontological depth psychology derived descriptive discipline distinction duty emotional emotivism entity epiphenomenal epistemological ethical doctrine ethical reality existence existential experimental psychology external ﬁrst focus folk psychology function Gestalt psychology hedonism human humanistic humanistic psychology imperative inferred input instance interpretation involved issue kind locus of causation meaning mental events mentation merely metaphysical moral agency moral choice moral evaluation moral judgment moral worth naturalistic naturalistic fallacy nature normative notion obligation one’s organism’s output overt behavior person philosophical physical physiological piece of behavior pleasure possess prescriptiveness psychological hedonism psychological reality psychological universe radical behaviorism reinforcement response self-realization self-report serves signiﬁcant Skinner Skinnerian social special population speciﬁc status stimulus subjective orientation third-person access traditional utilitarian