A Quarter-century of Normalization and Social Role Valorization: Evolution and Impact
Robert John Flynn, Raymond A. Lemay
University of Ottawa Press, 1999 - Social Science - 571 pages
During the late 1960s, Normalization and Social Role Valorization (SRV) enabled the widespread emergence of community residential options and then provided the philosophical climate within which educational integration, supported employment, and community participation were able to take firm root. This book is unique in tracing the evolution and impact of Normalization and SRV over the last quarter-century, with many of the chapter authors personally involved in a still-evolving international movement.
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activities adults American analysis appearance assessed Association become behavior called chapter characteristics clients competencies concept countries culture devalued developmental disabilities environment example expectations experience fact factors field homes human services ideas impact important independence individual instance institutions interest International interpreted issues later learning least less living major means measures mental retardation Nirje Normalization Normalization and SRV Normalization principle Normalization/SRV opportunities organizations parents participation PASS patterns persons physical positive possible practice present principle problems programs reference relationships residential residents responsibility result satisfaction score served settings situation social integration Social Role Valorization society specific staff structures Sweden theory things types University valued Wolfensberger
Page 52 - To the New York Society for the Relief of the Ruptured and Crippled...
Page 168 - Disability: the disadvantage or restriction of activity caused by a contemporary social organisation which takes no, or little account of people who have physical impairments and thus excludes them from participation in the mainstream of social activities.
Page 182 - Nirje (1969) defined normalization as "making available to the mentally retarded patterns and conditions of everyday life which are as close as possible to the norms and patterns of the mainstream of society
Page 182 - In general, the normalization principle means "making available to all mentally retarded people patterns of life and conditions of everyday living which are as close as possible to the regular circumstances and ways of life of society
Page 168 - Impairment: lacking part of or all of a limb, or having a defective limb, organ or mechanism of the body...
Page 280 - Social support consists of verbal and/or nonverbal information or advice, tangible aid, or action that is proffered by social intimates or inferred by their presence and has beneficial emotional or behavioral effects on the recipient.
Page 81 - Bearing in mind the necessity of assisting mentally retarded persons to develop their abilities in various fields of activities and of promoting their integration as far as possible in normal life, Aware that certain countries, at their present stage of development, can devote only limited efforts to this end, Proclaims this Declaration on the Rights of Mentally Retarded Persons...
Page 81 - Whenever possible, the mentally retarded person should live with his own family or with foster parents and participate in different forms of community life. The family with which he lives should receive assistance. If care in an institution becomes necessary, it should be provided in surroundings and other circumstances as close as possible to those of normal life.
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