A Realistic Theory of Categories: An Essay on Ontology

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Cambridge University Press, Aug 28, 1996 - Philosophy - 146 pages
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The book is an original treatise designed to defend an original, non-Aristotelian theory of categories. Chisholm argues that there are necessary things and contingent things; necessary things being things that are not capable of coming into being or passing away. He defends the argument from design, and thus includes the category of necessary substance (God). Further contentions of the essay are that attributes are also necessary beings, but not necessary substances, and that human beings are contingent substances but may not be material substances.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
The Nature of Attributes
11
The Existence of Attributes
19
Propositions as Reducible to Attributes
23
The Intentional Structure of Attributes
29
The Primacy of the Intentional
35
The Ontology of the Theory of Classes
45
The Nature of Relations
51
Spatial Entitles and Material Substance
85
Persons and Their Bodies Some Unanswered Questions
99
Appearances
109
Intentionalia
115
Fictitious Objects
121
Necessary Substance
127
Notes
133
Index
141

Times and the Temporal
55
States and Events
71

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About the author (1996)

An analytic philosopher, Roderick M. Chisholm is a meticulous epistemologist, although he also addresses historical figures and basic issues in metaphysics. He was born in Massachusetts, educated at Brown and Harvard universities, and in 1947 returned to Brown, where, with the exception of many visiting appointments, he has spent his academic career. Three important influences on Chisholm were Thomas Reid, Franz Brentano, and George Moore whose close attention to detail he owes something of his own style. All three were deeply concerned with perception, which is a major theme of Chisholm's work. His 1957 book, Perceiving, is a discussion of philosophical puzzles of perception and an attempt to resolve them. He also has written important studies of Brentano and of abstract concepts in philosophy of mind.

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