A Reference Grammar of Spanish

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Cambridge University Press, Apr 29, 2010 - Foreign Language Study
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A Reference Grammar of Spanish is a comprehensive handbook on the structure of the Spanish language. Keeping technical terminology to a minimum, it provides a detailed yet clear point of reference on all the intricacies of Spanish grammar, covering word order, parts of speech, verb use, syntax, gender, number, alphabet, and pronunciation. Accompanied by a wealth of carefully chosen examples, it looks at Spanish in Iberia, the USA, Mexico, and Argentina, and demonstrates the differences between these varieties. It is designed specifically with English-speaking learners in mind, and contains useful tools such as a glossary of terms, an index, and a detailed examination of different registers of the language. Clearly structured and systematically organised, this volume is set to become the standard guide to the grammar of contemporary Spanish, and will be an invaluable resource for teachers and students, as well as a practical supplement to textbooks and classroom study.
 

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Contents

RegisterRegistro
3
Alphabet spelling pronunciationAlfabeto ortografía pronunciación
11
Stress and accent marksAcento tónico y acento ortográfico
26
Punctuation upper case lower casePuntuación mayúsculas minúsculas
30
ApocopationApócope
38
AgreementConcordancia
42
Definite articleArtículo definido
51
Indefinite article and indefinite pronounArtículo indefinido y pronombre indefinido
60
Ellipsis of verbs in main and subordinate clausesElipsis de verbos en oraciones principales y subordinadas
237
Uses of dar ir llevar tener venirUsos de dar ir llevar tener traer and venir
240
Impersonal verbsVerbos impersonales
245
Verbs of perception + infinitive or gerundVerbos de percepción + infinitivo o gerundio
251
Periphrastic verb formsVerbos con formas perifrásticas
253
Subordinate clauses related to time with indicative moodOraciones subordinadas referentes al tiempo duración con modo indicativo
257
Subordinate clauses related to concession with indicative moodOraciones subordinadas concesivas con modo indicativo
260
Subordinate clauses related to condition with indicative moodOraciones subordinadas condicionales con modo indicativo
262

GenderGénero
64
Number singular and pluralNúmero singular y plural
84
Part III
95
Some of the tenses here have an alternative Argentinian and Mexican assignation as indicated below 11 Verbs and moods of verbsVerbos y modos d...
97
InfinitiveInfinitivo
103
Compoundperfect infinitiveInfinitivo pretérito perfecto
108
Infinitive as nounInfinitivo como sustantivo
109
Present tenseTiempo presente
111
Perfect tensePretérito perfecto
117
Irregular past participlesParticipios de pasado irregulares
121
Verbs with two past participlesVerbos con dos participios de pasado
123
Past participles used as nounsParticipios de pasado con función de sustantivos
126
Ablative absoluteAblativo absoluto
128
Verb + infinitive when that is used in EnglishVerbo + infinitivo cuando se usa that en inglés
130
Pluperfect tense and past anteriorPretérito pluscuamperfecto de indicativo antecopretérito A M y pretérito anterior antepretérito A M
132
Imperfect tensePretérito imperfecto de indicativo copretérito A M
135
Preterit tensePretérito simple
138
Contrasts between the imperfect preterit and perfect tensesContrastes entre el imperfecto el pretérito y el pretérito perfecto
141
Future tenseFuturo
145
Future perfect tenseFuturo perfecto
148
Conditional tenseCondicional simple
149
Conditional perfect tenseCondicional perfecto antepospretérito M
152
Progressive tense or gerundProgresivo o gerundio
154
Imperative moodModo imperativo
161
Irregular verbsVerbos irregulares
168
Radical changing verbsVerbos con cambio vocálico diptongación y verbos del tipo pedir e i
174
Verbs with orthographical changesVerbos con cambios ortográficos
179
Uses and contrasts of ser and estarUsos y contrastes de ser y estar
190
Verbs used as substitutes for ser and estar including hayVerbos utilizados como sustitutos de ser y estar incluyendo hay
200
Transitive and intransitive verbsVerbos transitivos e intransitivos
207
Reflexive verbsVerbos reflexivos
211
Passive voiceVoz pasiva
221
Defective verbsVerbos defectivos
225
The modal auxiliary verbs deber and poderLos verbos auxiliares modales deber y poder
228
Subordinate clauses related to consequence with indicative moodOraciones subordinadas consecutivas con modo indicativo
264
Subordinate clauses related to manner with indicative moodOraciones subordinadas de modo con modo indicativo
266
Verbs concerning unrealized or unfinished actionsVerbos referentes a acciones no realizadas o inacabadas
268
Complex verbal expressionsExpresiones complejas de tipo verbal
270
Verbs of movement in English and SpanishVerbos indicando movimiento en inglés y español
274
PartIV
277
Subjunctive moodModo subjuntivo
279
PartV
299
Personal pronounsPronombres personales
301
Possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns and usage with parts of the body and clothesAdjetivos y pronombres posesivos y uso con partes del cu...
316
Relative pronounsPronombres relativos
322
Interrogative pronouns and adverbsPronombres y adverbios interrogativos
327
PartVI
331
AdjectivesAdjetivos
333
AdverbsAdverbios
342
PrepositionsPreposiciones
353
Compound prepositionsPreposiciones compuestas
371
Personal or distinctive aUso de la preposición a con el complemento directo
375
Prepositional constructions with verbs nouns adjectives and gerunds Construcciones preposicionales con verbos sustantivos adjetivos y gerundios
381
The prepositions para and porLas preposiciones para y por
392
Part VIII
399
Demonstrative adjectivesAdjetivos demostrativos
401
Demonstrative pronounsPronombres demostrativos
403
Indefinite pronounsPronombres indefinidos
405
Part IX
413
Negative sentencesFrases negativas
416
Numbers measurements time and dimensionsNúmeros medidas tiempo duración y dimensiones
421
Comparative adjectives and adverbs and superlative adjectives
435
Diminutives and augmentativesDiminutivos y aumentativos
450
Proper namesNombres propios
467
Incorrect use of laleloUso incorrecto de lalelo laísmo leísmo
485
GlossaryGlosario
533
General indexÍndice general
547
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About the author (2010)

R. E. Batchelor taught French and Spanish for 40 years in the Department of Modern Languages at the University of Nottingham. His recent publications include A Student Grammar of Spanish (Cambridge, 2006) and Using Spanish, Second Edition (with C. J. Pountain, Cambridge, 2005).

Miguel Ángel San José is affiliated to the Universidad de Valladolid in Spain. His recent publications include Using Spanish Vocabulary (with R. E. Batchelor, Cambridge, 2003).