## A Remarkable Collection of Babylonian Mathematical Texts: Manuscripts in the Schøyen Collection: Cuneiform Texts IThe sub-collection of mathematical cuneiform texts in the Schøyen Collection makes a substantial addition to the known corpus of such texts. It contains 121 texts, not counting 151 multiplication tables and 53 small weight stones. According to the catalog at the end of the Index of Subjects below, where those 121 mathematical texts are ordered by content, nearly all known kinds, and some new kinds, of mathematical cun- form texts are represented in the collection. Therefore it has been possible to organize the present work as a broad general account of Mesopotamian mathematics, illustrated mainly by texts from the Schøyen Collection, but occasionally also by previously published texts. The general disposition of the book is borrowed from my own concise but comprehensive survey of Mesopotamian mathematics in the article on “Mathematics” in Reallexikon der Assyriologie, vol. 7 (1990). My ambition has been to make the account easily accessible to all kinds of readers, yet still as detailed and exhaustive as possible. For that purpose, there is, for instance, an introductory Chapter 0 on “how to get a b- ter understanding of mathematical cuneiform texts”. The chapter begins with a discussion of the danger of unintentional anachronisms in translations of pre-Greek mathematical texts, and continues with a presentation of the kind of “conform” transliterations, translations, and interpretations, true to the original, that will be used throughout the book in discussions of individual texts. |

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User Review - KimMarie1 - LibraryThingI enjoy studying cuneiform texts and in particular ancient mathematics but I found this book quite hard to follow. The examples would often note explain in detail how one gets from point A to point D ... Read full review

### Contents

LXVI | 355 |

LXVII | 356 |

LXVIII | 357 |

LXIX | 361 |

LXX | 367 |

LXXIII | 368 |

LXXIV | 369 |

LXXV | 373 |

XV | 37 |

XVI | 45 |

XIX | 49 |

XX | 52 |

XXI | 56 |

XXII | 67 |

XXIII | 71 |

XXIV | 97 |

XXV | 101 |

XXVIII | 109 |

XXIX | 116 |

XXX | 118 |

XXXI | 121 |

XXXII | 127 |

XXXIV | 130 |

XXXVI | 131 |

XXXVII | 133 |

XXXVIII | 134 |

XXXIX | 137 |

XL | 140 |

XLI | 142 |

XLII | 147 |

XLV | 150 |

XLVI | 155 |

XLVIII | 169 |

XLIX | 179 |

L | 189 |

LI | 202 |

LII | 219 |

LIII | 231 |

LIV | 233 |

LV | 236 |

LVI | 242 |

LVIII | 245 |

LX | 254 |

LXI | 278 |

LXII | 295 |

LXIII | 308 |

LXIV | 342 |

LXV | 352 |

LXXVI | 375 |

LXXVII | 376 |

LXXVIII | 377 |

LXXIX | 378 |

LXXX | 379 |

LXXXII | 380 |

LXXXIII | 385 |

LXXXVI | 387 |

LXXXVII | 389 |

LXXXVIII | 391 |

LXXXIX | 395 |

XC | 398 |

XCII | 401 |

XCIII | 403 |

XCIV | 407 |

XCV | 409 |

XCVI | 410 |

XCVII | 412 |

XCVIII | 414 |

XCIX | 416 |

C | 419 |

CI | 425 |

CIII | 426 |

CIV | 428 |

CV | 433 |

CVII | 434 |

CVIII | 436 |

CIX | 440 |

CX | 441 |

CXI | 447 |

CXII | 449 |

CXIII | 453 |

CXIV | 454 |

CXV | 456 |

CXVI | 465 |

CXVIII | 503 |

509 | |

515 | |

521 | |

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### Common terms and phrases

30 ninda 60 sila a-na a.rá Akkadian appr area number asa5 Babylonian mathematical texts Babylonian mathematicians barig barley-corns bricks bùr clay tablet column combined multiplication table computed cube sides cubits cuneiform danna diagonal en.nam equal equalsided equilateral triangle exercises Friberg front geometric gín given number gú.bar hand copy hand tablet head number i-na igi.bi in.si inscribed King List Larsa lines lugal ma.na man-days many-place market rate metric algebra minas Nippur obverse Old Babylonian mathematical place value notation Plimpton 322 problem quadratic equation recombination text rectangle regular sexagesimal number reverse shekel Shuruppak sìla single multiplication tables Sippar solution procedure square side sub-tables sukud Sumerian Sumerian King List ta-mar table for system table of reciprocals table of squares table text transliteration transversal trapezoid Ur III Uruk weight

### Popular passages

Page 3 - Any of these translations have their own merits and demerits: it is almost impossible to find a satisfactory translation for any Old Babylonian mathematical word in modern English, as the concepts behind them are so different from ours.