A Review of the Scientific Literature as it Pertains to Gulf War Illnesses: Pesticides
Grant N. Marshall, Gary Cecchine
Rand, 1998 - BUSINESS & ECONOMICS - 182 pages
This report summarizes the scientific literature on 12 of the 35 pesticides that are likely to have been used during the Persian Gulf War. Where possible, it focuses on known pesticide exposures or doses and related health outcomes that may be relevant to symptoms reported by some Gulf War veterans. Particular attention is paid to long-term, chronic effects of reported exposures to organophosphate and carbamate pesticides. Evidence from epidemiological studies, studies of genetic and biological differences between ill and healthy subjects, and studies of the physiological mechanisms of organophosphate and carbamate pesticides is suggestive, but not conclusive, that these pesticides could be among the potential contributing agents to some of the undiagnosed illnesses seen in Gulf War veterans. However, no prospective studies have been conducted that positively identify pesticides as causative agents. More research is needed to confirm or refute a causal link between pesticides and other agents and the symptoms associated with Gulf War illnesses.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
absorption AChE inhibitors Ache-Inhibitor Exposure acute toxicity aerosol agents animal studies application Available During ODS/DS Azamethiphos Bendiocarb cancer carbamate carbamate pesticides Carcinogenicity Carcinogenicity classification CAS Registry cell Chemical Identity Chemical Properties chlorpyrifos clinical compounds concentrations d-phenothrin DEET diazinon dichlorvos differences doses Environ Health Environmental enzyme evaluation exposed factors fatigue formulation genetic Gulf War Illnesses Gulf War veterans headache human IDLH ill PGWV increased ingestion inhibition insect repellent insecticide interactions levels lindane literature malathion male membrane metabolism methomyl mg/kg body weight mg/kg diet mg/m mice muscle nerve neurological neurotoxic NIOSH non-deployed Oral No effect organophosphate OSAGWI pain paraoxonase percent permethrin Persian Gulf personnel pesticide exposure pesticides pests Pharmacol Physical and Chemical physostigmine poisoning propoxur pyrethrins pyrethroid pyridostigmine bromide receptor residues RfID risk Seizure self-reported skin sleep spray symptoms syndrome Table tion unpublished report submitted wettable powder Wistar rats workers