A Search for the Origins of Judaism: From Joshua to the Mishnah
Translated by J. Edward Crowley. This radical reconstruction of the origins of Judaism starts by observing that Josephus's sources on the early history of Israel do not agree with the Bible and that the oldest rabbinic traditions show no sign of a biblical foundation. Another interesting question is raised by the Samaritan claim, at the time of Antiochus Epiphanes, that they had only recently received the Sabbath from the Jews. From such details, Nodet creates a comprehensive line of argument that reveals two major sources of Judaism, as symbolized in the subtitle of his work: Joshua was the one who established locally in writing a statute and a law at the Shechem assembly, while the Mishnah was the ultimate metamorphosis of traditions brought from Babylon and combined with Judaean influences.
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Introduction to the English Edition
Chapter 2 THE SABBATH AND WAR
Chapter 3 THE SABBATH IN THE BIBLE
Chapter 4 THE SAMARITANS AND SHECHEM
Chapter 5 ABOUT THE ORIGIN OF THE SAMARITANS
Chapter 6 THE MACCABAEAN CRISIS
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25th Kislev Aaron according Alexander allusion altar ancient Antiochus Artaxerxes Babylon Babylonian Bethel biblical Bickerman Chapter Chronicles conclusion conﬁrmed conﬂict connected context cult Cyrus Darius deﬁned deﬁnitely Deut difﬁculties document dynasty Egypt episode exile Exod Ezra and Nehemiah fact feast of Booths ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁts Galilee Gerizim Greek Hasidaeans Hasmonaean Hebrew Herod high priest Hillel identiﬁed indicated inﬂuence Israel Israelites Jerusalem Jewish Jews John Hyrcanus Josephus Josephus’s Joshua Judaea Judah Judaism Judas Maccabeus king Kislev later law of Moses letter Letter of Aristeas Levites literary Macc Maccabaean Maccabaean crisis Maccabees Mattathias Menelaus Mishnah model of Nehemiah narrative observance ofﬁcial Onias origin passage Passover Pentateuch period Persian Pharisees precept priesthood priestly Ptolemy Qumran rabbinic tradition redaction referred repatriates restoration retum Sabbath sacriﬁce Sadducees Samaria Samaritans Sanballat sanctuary Seleucid Shechem signiﬁcant Simon speciﬁc Temple Torah Tosefta weekly Sabbath YHWH Zerubbabel