A Search for the Origins of Judaism: From Joshua to the Mishnah

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A&C Black, Mar 1, 1997 - Religion - 423 pages
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Translated by J. Edward Crowley. This radical reconstruction of the origins of Judaism starts by observing that Josephus's sources on the early history of Israel do not agree with the Bible and that the oldest rabbinic traditions show no sign of a biblical foundation. Another interesting question is raised by the Samaritan claim, at the time of Antiochus Epiphanes, that they had only recently received the Sabbath from the Jews. From such details, Nodet creates a comprehensive line of argument that reveals two major sources of Judaism, as symbolized in the subtitle of his work: Joshua was the one who established locally in writing a statute and a law at the Shechem assembly, while the Mishnah was the ultimate metamorphosis of traditions brought from Babylon and combined with Judaean influences.
 

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Contents

Introduction to the English Edition
9
Abbreviations
14
SOME PROBLEMS
17
Chapter 2 THE SABBATH AND WAR
63
Chapter 3 THE SABBATH IN THE BIBLE
93
Chapter 4 THE SAMARITANS AND SHECHEM
122
Chapter 5 ABOUT THE ORIGIN OF THE SAMARITANS
154
Chapter 6 THE MACCABAEAN CRISIS
202
Chapter 7 SIMON THE JUST HILLEL THE MISHNAH
272
Chapter 8 EZRA AND NEHEMIAH
337
Chapter 9 CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVES
377
Bibliography
391
Index of References
407
Index of Authors
420
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About the author (1997)

Etienne Nodet, O.P., is Professor of Ancient Jewish Literature at the Ecole Biblique et Archéologique in Jerusalem.

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