A Social History of Wet Nursing in America: From Breast to Bottle
A Social History of Wet Nursing in America: From Breast to Bottle examines the intersection of medical science, social theory, and cultural practices as they shaped relations among wet nurses, physicians, and families from the colonial period through the twentieth century. It explores how Americans used wet nursing to solve infant feeding problems, shows why wet nursing became controversial as motherhood slowly became medicalized, and elaborates how the development of scientific infant feeding eliminated wet nursing by the beginning of the twentieth century. Janet Golden's study contributes to our understanding of the cultural authority of medical science, the role of physicians in shaping child rearing practices, the social construction of motherhood, and the profound dilemmas of class and culture that played out in the private space of the nursery.
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Wet nursing in colonial America
2 The new motherhood and the new view of wet nurses 17801865
The urban wet nurse marketplace 18301900
The wet nurse labor force and the offspring of wet nurses 1860 1910
The physician and the wet nurse 18701910
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Abraham Jacobi advertisements almshouse American Medical Association Annual Report Boston artiﬁcial feeding babies Babyhood became birth Boston Lying-In Boston Lying-In Hospital bottle breast milk breast-feed breast-feeding child City Temporary Home cultural difﬁcult Diseases of Children doctors dollars domestic service Drinker earned Emmett Holt employers employment England Hospital families ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁve foods hiring wet nurses History HLUMB household human milk illegitimacy infant feeding infant mortality infected inﬂuence institutions intelligence ofﬁces john Lovett journal Judith Walzer Leavitt lactation letter living Lying-In Hospital Mary Massachusetts Infant Asylum maternal nursing maternity homes Medicine milk banks months moral mortality rates mother’s milk motherhood Munn nineteenth century Number Percentage ofChildren offspring pediatrician Pediatrics percent Philadelphia Public Ledger physicians poor popular practice Premature problems records reﬂected servants sexual Smith social suckle syphilis Talbot twentieth century University Press urban wages week wet nurse marketplace wet nurse’s woman women Workman York