A Strategies-to-tasks Framework for Planning and Executing Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Operations
To assist in moving intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) planning and execution forward from a fixed target and deliberate planning focus to one centered on emerging targets, the authors propose enhancing the collection management process with a strategies-to-tasks and utility framework. By linking collection targets to operational tasks, objectives, and top-level commander's guidance with relative utilities, planning for the daily intelligence collections and real-time retasking for ad hoc ISR targets could be enhanced. When current tools are modified to provide this information, planners will be able to link collection targets to top-level objectives for better decisionmaking and optimization of low-density, high-demand collection assets, and intelligence officers will be better able to deal with time-sensitive, emerging targets by rapidly comparing the value of collecting an ad hoc collection with the value of collecting opportunities already planned.
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Effect of Methodology on Deliberate Planning Processes
Effect of Methodology on Dynamic Retasking Processes
Air Combat Command Air War College allocating Assigning Utility associated bomb damage assessment campaign objectives campaign-level objectives Chiefs of Staﬀ collection deck collection management process collection opportunities collection strategy Combat Plans Division commander’s objectives Commander’s PIRs CONEX Current Process Daniel Johnson decisions about retasking deﬁned Deliberate Planning Processes diﬀerent diﬃcult document EEIs eﬀective eﬀort emerging targets EO/IR expected utility Gary McLeod GMTI hoc collection Image suspected individual collection ISR assets ISR Division ISR operations ISR planning ISR Resource JCMB JIPCL Joint Chiefs Joint Integrated Prioritized lection methodology objectives and tasks October 31 Operation Iraqi Freedom operational objectives operational tasks planners planning and execution priority probability of collection probability of success RAND Corporation RAND Project AIR reconnaissance ISR RSTA Santa Monica satisﬁed satisfy sensors Shortfalls speciﬁc strategic objectives strategies-to-tasks framework successful collection surface-to-air missile surveillance time-sensitive total utility United States Air utility values