A System of Indian Logic: The Nyāya Theory of Inference : Analysis, Text, Translation and Interpretaion of the Anumāna Section of Kārikāvalī, Muktāvali and Dinakarī
Nyana is the most rational and logical of all the classical Indian philosophical systems. In the study of Nyana philosophy, Karikavali with its commentary Muktavali, both by Visvanatha Nyayapancanana, with the commentaries Dinakari and Ramarudri, have been of decisive significance for the last few centuries as advanced introductions to this subject. The present work concentrates on inference (anumana) in Karikavali, Muktavali and Dinakari, carefully divided into significant units according to the subject, and translates and interprets them. Its commentary makes use of the primary interpretation in Sanskrit contained especially in the Ramarudri and Subodhini. The book begins with the Sanskrit texts of Karikavali and Muktavali; followed by English translation of these texts. Next is given the Sanskrit text of Dinakari which comments on the first two texts, followed by its English translation. Lastly, the book contains a commentary on all the texts included.
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absence of fire absence of jar absence of sadhya accepted additional condition bhava blue smokeness causal complex cause of inferential certainty co-occurrence coexistence cumbersome definite knowledge definition of fallacy definition of invariable desire to establish Devadatta Dinakara doubt of deviation erroneous knowledge establish the sadhya expression factor for inferential fallacy of Contradiction fallacy of Counterthesis fallacy of Uncommon fallacy of Unestablishedness fault of overextension form of consideration Hence hindering factor hradah hypothetical reasoning inferential knowledge arises instance of knowledge instrumental cause knowability knowledge of Contradiction knowledge of Deviation knowledge of invariable manifested colour mere lake mountain has fire mutual absence narrow application negative invariable concomitance Nyaya occurs old Naiyayikas ordinary apprehensional connection Pariksit Thampuran particular characteristic particular thing perceptual knowledge pervaded by fire prevents inferential knowledge produced by ordinary qualificand Ramarudra relation of conjunction relation of inherence sadhyatavacchedaka stimulating factor substance substratum Text understood vahnyabhava vahnyabhavavan valid knowledge visayata