A Tapestry of Orbits

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Cambridge University Press, Jun 17, 2005 - Science - 256 pages
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Satellites as they cross the night sky look like moving stars, which can be accurately tracked by an observer with binoculars as well as by giant radars and large cameras. These observations help to determine the satellite's orbit, which is sensitive to the drag of the upper atmosphere and to any irregularities in the gravity field of the Earth. Analysis of the orbit can be used to evaluate the density of the upper atmosphere and to define the shape of the Earth. Desmond King-Hele was the pioneer of this technique of orbit analysis, and this book tells us how the research began, before the launch of Sputnik in 1957. For thirty years King-Hele and his colleagues at the Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough, developed and applied the technique to reveal much about the Earth and air at a very modest cost. In the 1960s the upper-atmosphere density was thoroughly mapped out for 100 to 2000 km, revealing immense variation of density with solar activity and between day and night. In the 1970s and 1980s a picture of the upper-atmosphere winds emerged, and the profile of the pear-shaped Earth was accurately charted. The number of satellites now orbiting the earth is over 5000. This book is the story of how this inexpensive research of their orbits developed to yield a rich harvest of knowledge about the Earth and its atmosphere, in a scientific narrative that is enlivened with many personal experiences.
 

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Excellent book.

Contents

Prologue 19481953
1
1 Prelude to space 19531957
4
2 The real thing 19571958
21
3 Full speed ahead 19581960
45
4 Sailing through the sixties 19611969
74
5 Into the realm of resonance 19701979
127
6 On the shelf 19801988
169
7 Out of the fray 19881991
217
References
230
Index
235
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About the author (2005)

Desmond King-Hele is recognised as the world's leading authority on Erasmus Darwin. He has written 20 books and 300 papers, and his biography of Eramus Darwin won the Society of Authors Medical History Prize in 1999.

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