A Theory of Argument
A Theory of Argument is an advanced textbook intended for students in philosophy, communications studies and linguistics who have completed at least one course in argumentation theory, information logic, critical thinking or formal logic. Containing nearly 400 exercises, Mark Vorobej develops a novel approach to argument interpretation and evaluation. One of the key themes of the book is that we cannot succeed in distinguishing good argument from bad arguments until we learn to listen carefully to others. Part I develops a relativistic account of argument cogency that allows for rational disagreement. Part II offers a comprehensive and rigorous account of argument diagramming. Hybrid arguments are contrasted with linked and convergent arguments, and a novel technique is introduced for graphically recording disagreements with authorial claims.
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By numberingthepropositionswithinthispassageandby recognizing
1 is employed twice by the author of passage I
a 1 Polly is pertinacious 2 Polly is promiscuous So
However since its more elegant well also allow
this argumentative passage by the following single diagram
Suppose that some normal author has presented you with an
in diagraming a hybrid argument we ought to display one
A’s conclusion A’s premise set argu argument contains argument diagrams argument from ignorance argument in question argument is cogent argument’s conclusion argumentative passage audience members author’s beliefs canonical form cogent argument conﬁdent Construct context convergent argument deﬁned deﬁnition difﬁcult Elphaba epistemic evidential evidential support example explain expressed fails false ﬁrst follows grounding claim hybrid argument illustrate your answer independently relevant individual interpretation invulnerable argument invulnerable grounding relation irrelevant premises it’s possible it’s rational judgment justiﬁed Justify your answer linked argument linked set macrostructure Maniwaki ment merely vulnerable modality non-cogent normal argument normal author normality assumption persuaded possible premise argument premise set presuppositions principle of charity proposition Q rational belief rational persuasion reason in support reﬂectively stable relevance arrow reliable argument Repeat exercise set of premises single premise social audience someone sound argument speciﬁc squiggly circle supplementation relation Suppose there’s tion truth valid argument vegans we’ll
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The Linguistic Review, Volume 23
No preview available - 2006