A Theory of Intergenerational Justice
The appeal to 'our obligations to future generations' is one of the most forceful, emotional and effective arguments available to politicians and citizens and is the cornerstone of all modern policies aimed at sustainable development. Yet, the exact nature and extent of these obligations are unclear - who owes what to whom, exactly, and why?This highly accessible book provides an extensive and comprehensive overview of current research and theory about why and how we should protect future generations. It exposes how and why the interests of people today and those of future generations are often in conflict and what can be done. It rebuts critical concepts such as Parfits' 'non-identity' paradox and Beckerman's denial of any possibility of intergenerational justice. The core of the book is the lucid application of a 'veil of ignorance' to derive principles of intergenerational justice which show that our duties to posterity are stronger than is often supposed. Tremmel's approach demands that each generation both consider and improve the well-being of future generations. To measure the well-being of future generations Tremmel employs the Human Development Index rather than the metrics of utilitarian subjective happiness. The book thus answers in detailed, concrete terms the two most important questions of every theory of intergenerational justice: 'what to sustain' and 'how much to sustain?'Ultimately this book provides a theory of intergenerational justice that is both intellectually robust and practical with wide applicability to law, policy, economics, climate change and all other contexts that affect future generations.
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Introduction Mankinds increasing powers
The nomansland of ethics
Ethics of the future in a double sense
Distinguishing generational justice from sustainability
The role of philosophy
Outline of the book
Criteriabased Definitions of Scientific Terms
Four criteria for definitions
What to Sustain? Capital or Wellbeing as an Axiological Goal?
The wellbeing approach
Advantages and disadvantages of the capital approach and the wellbeing approach
A repugnant conclusion?
How Much to Sustain? The Demands of Justice in the Intergenerational Context
Rawls original position theory
Comparisons between Generations
Irrelevance of societal generations for intergenerational justice theories
Relevance of familyrelated generations for intergenerational justice theories
Direct and indirect comparisons of chronological generations
Comparisons between generations in various fields
Comparison of life courses
Objections to Theories of Generational Justice
Future individuals cannot have rights
Other editions - View all
According actions applies approach average axiological basic behaviour Birnbacher considered countries cultural capital debate defined definiendum definiens definition developed discussed distributive justice economic Ederer egoistic equal ethical example exist Figure future individuals future persons genera global Gosseries happiness harm Hauser human capital increase indicators indirect comparisons indirect reciprocity inheritance instance intergenerational context intergenerational justice intertemporal intragenerational justice as reciprocity living mankind means measuring well-being national debts natural capital needs non-identity argument non-identity problem norms nuclear objective obligations one’s original position Parfit participants philosophers possible Prescott-Allen present principle question Rawls real capital refer repugnant conclusion result rights of future savings rate self-interest sense smallpox social capital society sustainability Table temporal term theory of intergenerational theory of justice tion today’s Tremmel types of capital unequal utilitarianism utility veil of ignorance wants welfare Well-being distribution young