A Theory of Universals: Volume 2: Universals and Scientific Realism

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CUP Archive, 1978 - Philosophy - 200 pages
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This is a study, in two volumes, of one of the longest-standing philosophical problems: the problem of universals. In volume I David Armstrong surveys and criticizes the main approaches and solutions to the problems that have been canvassed, rejecting the various forms of nominalism and 'Platonic' realism. In volume II he develops an important theory of his own, an objective theory of universals based not on linguistic conventions, but on the actual and potential findings of natural science. He thus reconciles a realism about qualities and relations with an empiricist epistemology. The theory allows, too, for a convincing explanation of natural laws as relations between these universals.
 

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Contents

The argument of Volume I
1
Relations between predicates and universals
7
Properties
18
Rejection of disjunctive and negative universals
19
Acceptance of conjunctive universals
30
The identification of universals
43
Different semantic correlations between predicates and
53
Relations
75
criticism
101
a new account
116
Part Seven HIGHERORDER UNIVERSALS
133
Higherorder relations
148
In conclusion
167
Works cited
177
Index to Volumes I and II
183
Copyright

Part Six THE ANALYSIS OF RESEMBLANCE
95

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