A Theory of Universals: Volume 2: Universals and Scientific Realism
This is a study, in two volumes, of one of the longest-standing philosophical problems: the problem of universals. In volume I David Armstrong surveys and criticizes the main approaches and solutions to the problems that have been canvassed, rejecting the various forms of nominalism and 'Platonic' realism. In volume II he develops an important theory of his own, an objective theory of universals based not on linguistic conventions, but on the actual and potential findings of natural science. He thus reconciles a realism about qualities and relations with an empiricist epistemology. The theory allows, too, for a convincing explanation of natural laws as relations between these universals.
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The argument of Volume I
Relations between predicates and universals
Rejection of disjunctive and negative universals
Acceptance of conjunctive universals
The identification of universals
Different semantic correlations between predicates and
Part Six THE ANALYSIS OF RESEMBLANCE
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abstract particulars admit affairs analysing predicate anomoeomerous apply in virtue argument Bare particulars causal powers chapter class of universals colours conjunctive properties correspondence correspondence-rule counter-correspondence determinate different particulars disjunctive properties distinct doctrine Empiricist existence first-order particulars first-order universals genuine relations homoeomerous Humean Identity of Indiscern identity-conditions infinite instance internal relation lack law-like connection length Logical Atomism logically empty logically equivalent logically possible Michael Tooley monadic universals nature negative properties nomic connection nomic necessitation Nominalist non-relational properties notion number of properties objects ontological partial identity philosophers polyadic universals postulate predicate applies Principle of Instantiation priori properties and relations property bestows property or relation property-predicate propositions pure predicate PVQ)a range of universals Realism reason reflexive relation reject relational properties resemblance of universals respect second-order properties second-order relations seems semantic sentence simple sort spatio-temporal strictly universal predicates Suppose theory of universals things tion topic-neutral total science universal or range