## A Treatise on Arithmetic ...: In which the Principles of the Science are Inductively Developed ... Combining Written Arithmetic with Copious Mental Exercises ... |

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### Common terms and phrases

acres Addition annuity answer apiece Avoirdupois barrel bought boys bushel called cents composite number compound interest Compound Numbers contained cost course cube decimal denominator Divide dividend Division divisor dollars dolls Dominical letter duodecimal equal EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE factors farthings Find the interest fºr gain gallons gals given number greatest common measure Hence hogshead hundred hundredths Improper Fraction inches Julian calendar least common multiple leave likewise lowest terms miles MINUEND mixed number mode months multiplicand multiply nine Note obtain performed pints pound present worth pupil quarts quotient figure ratio Reduce REJECT THE 9s remainder repetend rods root rule separatrix shillings ſº solid square subtract subtrahend tens tenths thing third units vulgar Fraction weight whole number write yard

### Popular passages

Page 75 - Britain. 4 farthings (qr, or far.) make 1 penny, marked d. 12 pence " 1 shilling, " s. 20 shillings " 1 pound, or sovereign, £. 21 shillings " 1 guinea. OBS. 1. It is customary, at the present day, to express farthings in fractions of a penny. Thus, 1 qr. is written ;<!;•_

Page 270 - Multiply the divisor, thus augmented, by the last figure of the root, and subtract the product from the dividend, and to the remainder bring down the next period for a new dividend.

Page 46 - January 31, February 28, March 31, April 30, May 31, June 30, July 31, August 31, September 30, October 31, November 30, December 31.

Page 58 - What is 1 eighth of 1 ? of 2 ? of 3 ? of 4 ? of 5? of 6?

Page 77 - Weight is used by apothecaries and physicians in compounding dry medicines. TABLE. 20 Grains (gr.} = 1 Scruple, . . sc., or 3. 3 Scruples = 1 Dram, . . dr., or 3 . 8 Drams = 1 Ounce, . . oz., or § . 12 Ounces = 1 Pound, . . Ib., or ft,.

Page 77 - TROY WEIGHT. 24 grains gr. make 1 pennyweight, dwt. 20 pennyweights " 1 ounce. oz. 12 ounces " 1 pound. Ib. Table IV. — AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT 16 drams dr. make 1 ounce. oz. 16 ounces " 1 pound. Ib. "I"""" " 4 quarters make 1 hundred weight.

Page 81 - Number contains but one name or denomination ; thus, 5, 84, 12 bushels, 65 dollars, are simple numbers. A Compound Number contains two or more names or denominations ; thus, 5 dollars 25 cents, 16 bushels 3 pecks, 3 days 10 hours, are compound numbers. Reduction is the process of changing numbers from one denomination to another, without altering their value ; thus, changing pounds to ounces, ounces to pounds, dollars to cents, &c., is reduction. 1. How many mills in 2 cents? in 3 cents? 2. How many...

Page 273 - A man bought a horse, agreeing to give 1 cent for the first nail in his shoes, three for the second, and so on. The shoes contained 32 nails; what was the cost of the horse 1 • 374.

Page 253 - PRACTICE. 1. If 6 men build a wall 20 ft. long, 6 ft. high, and 4 ft. thick, in 16 days, in what time will 24 men build one 200 ft. long, 8 ft. high, and 6 ft. thick ? Ans. 80 days.

Page 38 - His teacher punished him, for soiling the book, by giving him 4 blows on one hand, and 5 on the other. How many blows did he strike him ? 4 and 5 are how many?