A Tropical Dependency: An Outline of the Ancient History of the Western Soudan with an Account of the Modern Settlement of Northern Nigeria

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Cambridge University Press, Dec 23, 2010 - History - 542 pages
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Flora Shaw, Lady Lugard (1852-1929) was the first female reporter for The Times, and colonial editor from 1893 to 1900. She travelled widely, and wrote hundreds of articles promoting the British Empire and in favour of its expansion as a world power. She became very involved in South African politics as a friend of Cecil Rhodes, and in 1897 coined the name 'Nigeria' for the colony under the administration of the Royal Niger Company. In 1902 she married Sir Frederick Lugard, then High Commissioner of Northern Nigeria. In 1905 she published A Tropical Dependency, her most extensive work. Although expressing views which assume European superiority, she stressed the fact that the vast majority of the British Empire was not white, and the book is valuable for its information on pre-colonial northern Africa. For more information on this author, see http://orlando.cambridge.org/public/svPeople?person_id=shawfl
 

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Contents

CHAP PAGE I Introductory i
1
Conquest of North Africa and Spain by the Arabs
24
Arab Civilisation in Spain
31
The Empire of The Two Shores
50
African Rule in Spain
58
Decline of Mohammedan Power in Spain
67
Spanish Arabs in Africa
73
The Soudanese States
78
Haussaland to the End of the Eighteenth Cen tury
258
Bornu
268
Condition of the Soudan at the End of the Sixteenth Century
282
The Moorish Conquest
296
The Soudan under the Moors
306
The Soudan Closed to the Western World
315
Europe in West Africa 32 2
322
The European Slave Trade
333

Negroland and the Western Arabs
83
Berber and Black
90
The Trade of Ghana
100
Morabite Conquest of the Soudan
107
Ghana and Timbuctoo
113
The Mellestine
117
Mansa Musa
122
Ibn Batuta in Melle
129
Administration of the Mellestine
142
Meeting of Eastern and Western Influence upon the Niger
153
Rise of the Songhay Empire
163
Military Conquests of Sonni Ali 174
174
Askia Mohammed Abou Bekr
181
Songhay under Askia the Great
190
Songhay under Askia the Great continued
199
The Later Askias
211
Ancient Connection of Haussaland with the Valley of the Nile
218
The Pharaohs in Haussaland
227
The Haussa States
236
The Domination of Kano
245
England and France on the Lower Niger
348
The Royal Niger Company
356
Transfer of Niger Companys Territories to the Crown
366
Origin of the Fulani
373
Rise of the Fulani in the Soudan
381
Sultan Bello
390
Northern Nigeria under Fulani Rule
399
Slaveraiding
408
The Establishment of British Administration
417
Military Occupation of the Southern Emirates and Bornu
426
Conquest of Sokoto and Kano
438
British Policy in Northern Nigeria
449
Slavery
460
Taxation
466
Justice and Gene ral Reorganisation
476
Economic Resources of Northern Nigeria
485
The Development of Trade
491
INDEX
501
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