A Unified Theory of Party Competition: A Cross-National Analysis Integrating Spatial and Behavioral Factors
Cambridge University Press, Mar 21, 2005 - Political Science
This book integrates spatial and behavioral perspectives - in a word, those of the Rochester and Michigan schools - into a unified theory of voter choice and party strategy. The theory encompasses both policy and non-policy factors, effects of turnout, voter discounting of party promises, expectations of coalition governments, and party motivations based on policy as well as office. Optimal (Nash equilibrium) strategies are determined for alternative models for presidential elections in the US and France, and for parliamentary elections in Britain and Norway. These polities cover a wide range of electoral rules, number of major parties, and governmental structures. The analyses suggest that the more competitive parties generally take policy positions that come close to maximizing their electoral support, and that these vote-maximizing positions correlate strongly with the mean policy positions of their supporters.
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1988 French presidential 1988 presidential election abstention due algorithm alternative voting analysis behavior British general election candidate strategies candidate's centrist Chapter Chirac coalition computed conditional logit Conservative dispersion due to alienation Dukakis effects election uncertainty equation equilibrium configuration equilibrium positions equilibrium strategies evaluations expected vote extreme Figure French presidential election Grofman Groseclose ideology indifference Labour Lajoinie Left-Right positions Left-Right scale Liberal Democrats liberal-conservative median voter Mitterrand Nash equilibrium non-policy-related Norway Norwegian parliamentary election Note partisan constituencies partisanship party competition party identification party positions party strategies party's perceived percent placements policy dimensions policy distance policy positions policy preferences policy scales policy strategies policy-only model policy-seeking political present probabilistic real-world elections Republican respondents salience Schofield self-placements Socialist spatial modeling Storting suggest theoretical turnout decisions two-candidate U.S. presidential election unified discounting model unified model unified turnout model utility valence advantage valence-related values vote share vote-maximizing voter discounting voter distribution
Page i - His published articles have appeared in the American Political Science Review, the American Journal of Political Science, and the Journal of Politics.
Page i - He has been a Fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, a Fellow of the Guggenheim Foundation...
Page i - Courts (2002), and has published in journals such as the American Political Science Review, the American Journal of Political Science, and the Journal of Politics.
Page 294 - Economics, Issues, and the Perot Candidacy: Voter Choice in the 1992 Presidential Election.
Page 299 - A contextual effect in political perception and self-placement on an ideology scale: comparative analyses of Sweden and the US Scandinavian Political Studies, 10, 39-60.