A Unified Theory of Voting: Directional and Proximity Spatial Models
Cambridge University Press, Sep 13, 1999 - Political Science - 213 pages
Professors Merrill and Grofman develop a unified model that incorporates voter motivations and assesses its empirical predictions--for both voter choice and candidate strategy--in the United States, Norway, and France. The analyses show that a combination of proximity, direction, discounting, and party ID are compatible with the mildly but not extremely divergent policies that are characteristic of many two-party and multiparty electorates. All of these motivations are necessary to understand the linkage between candidate issue positions and voter preferences.
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American Anthony Downs approval voting Borda count candidate placement candidate positions Chapter conditional logit Condorcet directional vector convergent convex hull correlation didate discounting factor Downsian electorate empirical extreme Figure French Presidential Election Grofman discounting model Hinich ideal point incumbents indifference line intensity issue positions left-right liberal-conservative Matthews directional model Matthews model Matthews utility mean placements median voter median voter theorem mixed model mixed proximity-RM model mixing parameter model of voter model with proximity multicandidate multiparty Nash equilibrium national election studies neutral point Norwegian Election Study party ID placements of candidates proximity and directional proximity and RM proximity constraint pure models pure proximity model pure RM model Rabinowitz and Macdonald regions of support RM directional model RM utility scalar product scale spatial model status quo point thermometer scores tion two-candidate unified model utility curve utility functions values voter and candidate voter choice voter points voter-specific placements Westholm