A Victorian Missionary and Canadian Indian Policy: Cultural Synthesis Vs Cultural Replacement
Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press, Oct 18, 1988 - Biography & Autobiography - 194 pages
Canada's Indian policy has, since the 1830s, consisted mainly of attempts at cultural replacement. Although rarely practised, cultural synthesis of native and western cultures has been advocated as an important alternative especially in the last ten years. This book is a study of E.F. Wilson (1844–1915), a Canadian missionary of British background, who experienced, promoted, and advocated both approaches to native policy during his lifetime. On the one hand, he practised cultural replacement at the Shingwauk and Wawanosh Schools which he founded at Sault Ste. Marie; on the other hand, he advocated programs of cultural synthesis and political autonomy which were a distinct departure from the paternalist notions of the 1880s and 1890s. His support of such ideas was fostered by the influence of leading anthropologists such as Horatio Hale but also by his own extensive travel and observation of Indians, particularly the Cherokee Indians of Oklahoma.
This book describes the efforts of a nineteenth-century Canadian missionary who entertained radical notions of Indian self-government and cultural synthesis, as well as more conventional ideas of native assimilation and cultural replacement.
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aboriginal Algoma Algoma Missionary American Bishop Cronyn boys British Columbia Canadian Indian century Christ Christian Church Missionary Society Church of England civilization Clapham Sect clergy Committee Correspondence Cree cultural replacement cultural synthesis Daniel Wilson diocese E. F. Wilson Edward Francis Wilson English European Evangelical Fair Play Fair Play’s ﬁeld ﬁrst Forest Children Garden River Gerald Killan Hale’s heathen Henry Venn History Hobart and Brant Horatio Hale hunting Huron Ibid ideas Indian Affairs Indian children inﬂuence interest Iroquois Islington John Webster Journal land London Methodists mission Mohawk Moon of Wintertime native agency native church native pastors Ojibway Ontario Ottawa pagans parents plans political autonomy Prebendary Wilson program of cultural Reel religion religious Sarnia Sault Ste Marie scientiﬁc seems settlers sionary social Studies suggested teaching thought tion Toronto Press traditional University of Toronto Venn’s Victorian Wawanosh white man’s Wilson Letterbooks wished writes wrote