A Welsh Grammar for Schools: Syntax

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Swan Sonnenschein, 1899 - Welsh language - 187 pages
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Page 114 - And there he maketh the hungry to dwell, that they may prepare a city for habitation; 37 And sow the fields, and plant vineyards, which may yield fruits of increase.
Page ii - Almost every grammatical system has its rationale, capable of being comprehended by the mind, if the mind is kept steadily to it, and of serving as a clue to the facts ; but . . . every one of the grammars following a different system " the student " masters the rationale of none of them ; and in consequence, after all his labour, he often ends by possessing of the science of grammar nothing but a heap of terms jumbled together in inextricable confusion.
Page 85 - The Noun, the Adjective, and the Adverb may be replaced by other parts of speech doing the same work in the sentence. A word doing the work of a different part of speech, or a group of words doing the work of a single part of speech, is called an Equivalent. A group of words forming an Equivalent and not having Subject and Predicate of its own is called a Phrase.
Page 116 - ... large. That grammarians do not hesitate to call was a 'subjunctive' in such utterances as 'If he was here' appears from the following: 1932 Curme (Syntax p. 58) observes: "This use of was as a past subjunctive arose in the seventeenth century", and 1905 Onions (Adv. Eng. Syntax § 55) avers: "When the Principal Clause speaks of what "would be", or "would have been", both Clauses take the Subjunctive, as in Latin and German: a) Present Tense 'If he did this, he would sin'", and adds in a footnote:...
Page xii - Mr Reid has decidedly attained his aim, namely, 'a thorough examination of the Latinity of the dialogue.' The revision of the text is most valuable, and comprehends sundry acute corrections. . , . This volume, like Mr Reid's other editions, is a solid gain to the...
Page 89 - The two parts of Syntax. Syntax has to answer two questions :— 1. How are meanings expressed in sentences and parts of sentences ? The answer is given in Part I. of Syntax (§§ 46-71), which deals with Sentence Construction.
Page 88 - Two or more Sentences, Clauses, Phrases, or Single Words, linked together by one of the Conjunctions and, but, or, nor, for are called Co-ordinate, ie of the same rank ; and the Conjunctions which link them together are called Co-ordinating Conjunctions : (i.) Linking together Sentences : God made the country, and man made the town.
Page 116 - I had listened to my father's advice ', the ' if '-clause is past, the principal clause is present. (2) Those Clauses of Condition in which an ' if '-clause of Open Condition says nothing about either fact or fulfilment and the principal clause does not speak of what would be or would have been.
Page 85 - A group of words forming an Equivalent and having a Subject and Predicate of its own is called a Subordinate Clause (cf. §312). 309 A Noun-equivalent may be : — (1) a Pronoun : <rv ¡¿tv tvrv^s еГ, еуш Se Swrru^s, you indeed are fortunate, but I am unfortunate ; 58' e'/t
Page 93 - RULE.—If the words composing the Subject are of different persons, then the Plural Verb is of the 1st Person rather than the 2nd or 3rd, and of the 2nd Person rather than the 3rd. REASON : " His son and I" cannot be spoken of together except as "we"; similarly "you and they''= "you"; "he and his brother

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