A Woman's Place Is in the House: Campaigning for Congress in the Feminist Era

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University of Michigan Press, Dec 31, 1995 - Political Science - 224 pages
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In this first comprehensive examination of women candidates for the U.S. House of Representatives, Barbara Burrell argues that women are as successful at winning elections as men. Why, then, are there still so few women members of Congress? Compared to other democratically elected national parliaments, the U.S. Congress ranks very low in its proportion of women members. During the past decade, even though more and more women have participated in state and local governments, they have not made the same gains at the national level.
  A Woman's Place Is in the House examines the experiences of the women who have run for a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1968 through 1992 and compares their presence and performance with that of male candidates. The longitudinal study examines both general and primary elections and refutes many myths associated with women candidates including their ability to raise money and garner support from both interest groups and political parties.
  According to Burrell, election year 1992 was correctly dubbed the "Year of the Woman" in American politics--not so much because women overcame perceived barriers to being elected but because for the first time a significant number of women chose to run in primaries. Burrell's study examines the effects women are having on the congressional agenda and offers insight on how such issues as term limitations and campaign finance reform will impact on the election of women to Congress.
  Barbara Burrell (Ph.D. University of Michigan) is professor and director of graduate studies in the Political Science Department at Northern Illinois University where she teaches courses in public opinion, political behavior and women and politics.
 

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Contents

American Views of Women as Political Leaders The Polls Experiments and Surveys
15
The Presence and Performance of Women Candidates in Primary Elections
35
The Backgrounds of Female Candidates for the US House of Representatives 196892
57
Political Parties and Womens Candidacies
81
Sex and Money The Financing of Womens and Mens Campaigns for the US House of Representatives 197292
101
The Presence and Performance of Women Candidates in General Elections for the US House of Representatives
131
Women Members of Congress and Policy Representation
151
Conclusion
183
References
193
Index
207
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Page 5 - NOW is to take action to bring women into full participation in the mainstream of American society now, exercising all the privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men.
Page 5 - Women should be encouraged to seek elective and appointive posts at local, state, and national levels and in all three branches of government. Public office should be held according to ability, experience, and effort, without special preferences or discriminations based on sex. Increasing consideration should continually be given to the appointment of women of demonstrated ability and political sensitivity to policy-making positions.
Page 6 - The President, Governors, political parties, women's organizations and foundations should join in an effort to increase the number of women in office, including judgeships and policy-making positions, and women should seek elective and appointive office in larger numbers than at present on the Federal, State, and local level. The President and, where applicable, Governors should significantly increase the numbers of women appointed as judges, particularly to appellate courts and supreme courts. Governors...
Page 5 - In the interests of the human dignity of women, we will protest, and endeavor to change, the false image of women now prevalent in the mass media, and in the texts, ceremonies, laws, and practices of our major social institutions. Such images perpetuate contempt for women by society and by women for...

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