A World of Beasts: A Thirteenth-Century Illustrated Arabic Book on Animals (the Kit?b Na‘t Al-?ayaw?n) in the Ibn Bakht?sh?‘ Tradition
The "Kit b Na t al- ayaw n" is the earliest of a group of illustrated manuscripts dealing with the characteristics of animals and their medicinal uses. The present study considers both the confluence of textual traditions within this work and the stylistic and iconographic relationships of its illustrations, which make it a key witness to early thirteenth-century Arab painting. After a re-evaluation of previous approaches, emphasis is placed on relating image to text, on stylistic affiliations, and on the modalities of production, supported by technical analyses undertaken for the first time. In elucidating the particular context of this unique manuscript, the study contributes to our understanding of a critical period in the development of Middle Eastern painting and art.
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Image and Context
II The Manuscript
III Text and Sources
IV The Frontispieces and Other Human Figures
V The Animals of the Nat
VI Composition Iconography and Style
VII Date and Provenance
VIII Patronage and Milieu
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1224 Dioscorides 621/1224 Dioscorides probably Ahmet III al-Dīn al-Harīrī Allāh animals Arabic Arabic manuscripts Aristotle birds Bodleian Library British Library Buchthal caliph Chapter Characteristics colophon colour composition Contadini 2009 copied dābba dated depicted Dioscorides probably Baghdad Diyarbakr double frontispiece elephant Escorial Ettinghausen 1962 example Farès Fatimid figure flabellum foliation folio footnote Freer Gallery frontispiece Gazelle Grabar halo Ibn Abī Usaybiʿa Ibn al-Sūfī Ibn Bakhtīshūʿ iconography illustrated manuscripts inscription Islamic Islamic Art Istanbul Jibrāʾīl Jundishapur Kalīla wa Dimna Kitab Kitāb al-baytara Kitāb al-diryāq Kitāb al-hayawān Lion mamiﬁ Mamluk mantle Maqāmāt mentioned Mosul Muhammad na‘t Naʿt painter painting Paris Persian physician Physiologus Plate prince pupil quadrupeds RAM Ibn al-Sūfī representation represented Reza Abbasi Reza Abbasi Museum scribe script seated sharbūsh similar stylistic Süleymaniye Library Syriac throne tion tirāz bands Touwaide translation tree turban unicorn Wasit